The criminal justice system in the UK is a complex network of organizations and agencies with varying goals and responsibilities. These organizations include law enforcement agencies, such as the police and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), which investigate crimes and prosecute offenders; courts, which hear cases and determine the guilt or innocence of defendants; and correctional facilities, such as prisons and probation services, which are responsible for supervising and rehabilitating offenders.
You can focus on the “conflict” aspect of the criminal justice system. As a result of different goals and priorities, there can be conflicts and tensions within the criminal justice system. For example, law enforcement agencies may be under pressure to secure convictions, which can lead to the use of questionable evidence or tactics. Courts may be overwhelmed by a large caseload, which can lead to delays and challenges in providing a fair and efficient justice process. Correctional facilities may be overcrowded and underfunded, which can lead to inadequate support for offenders and difficulties in reducing recidivism.