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Why did industrial revolution start?

I looked it up online and they all mention different things
What were the main reason ?
(edited 1 year ago)
Original post by cherryhitchkins
I looked it up online and they all mention different things
What were the main reason ?


Perhaps there is no single main reason?
Original post by ageshallnot
Perhaps there is no single main reason?

could that be because of unemployment?
Original post by cherryhitchkins
could that be because of unemployment?


How would that be a factor?
Original post by cherryhitchkins
could that be because of unemployment?


Not solely. You can have unemployment crises that don't precipitate rapid industrialisation.
Although you may want to look into the Agricultural Revolution.
Reply 5
(sidenote, this is talking about Britain)

colonialism created larger markets and thus a desire for more goods to be created, also more resources to produce goods with.

The agricultural revolution enabled more people to work on creating these goods (no more subsistence farming, more people to work in other industry)


The scientific revolution made the creation of commercial manufacturing machines by engineers possible


Britain at this time had an entrepeneural profit minded culture (debateably born from colonialism). Businessmen were keen to adopt the logic of fewer workers = greater profit, so the engineers had constant monetary incentive to create new designs.


Longer version:
So basically it was several reasons. I listed them above in order of importance. The long version is that colonisation of the Americas and beyond lead to greater supply of resources (for example cotton plantations in North America/Carribean) and also a greater demand as European trade was exposed to the colonies themselves and more countries across the planet (e.g. India). This, combined with the agricultural revolution in Britain lead to higher degrees of urbanisation due to food produced relative to the number of workers greatly increasing leading to unemployed people flocking to towns (Britain was one of the most urbanised European states, with something like 25% of the population living in towns/cities by 1750, also cottage industry - rural non-agricultural production - was quite large relative to the rest of Europe).

Add to this the scientific revolution, and we have the 'industrial' part. Engineers, building off the scientific revolution which occurred in the late 1600s and early 1700s made critical advancements and creations, such as Newcomen's steam engine in 1712. The demand of the markets for products meant there was constant need to innovate, Newcomen's received a number of upgrades and engines are still augmented to this day, for example. The profit minded culture already extant in Britain meant landowners and rich gentry eagerly invested into engineer's factories and then received large returns. With the gradual success of the cotton industry and integration of the steam engine into production other industries across the country began to industrialise

One or two other things worth noting, for example improvement of infrastructure and travel methods (canals and then later railways) also made transporting the large and expanding mass of produced goods possible. I may have missed one or two other points but this broadly covers it.
(edited 1 year ago)
The industrial revolution began in the late 1700s in Britain due to a combination of factors, including population growth, technological advancements, improvements in transportation, an abundance of resources, and an expanding global market for goods. The development of new manufacturing processes, such as the use of steam power, enabled businesses to increase production and generate more wealth. This led to the growth of cities and the emergence of a new class of wealthy industrialists.

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