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How does solar radiation interact with the earth’s atmosphere?

How ?
Solar radiation interacts with the atmosphere by absorbing and scattering shortwave radiation, emitting longwave radiation and transferring heat and moisture through convection. Solar radiation is absorbed by air molecules, clouds, and aerosols, and then is re-emitted as infrared radiation (heat). This heat is then transferred through convection, which is the movement of warm air upwards and cool air downwards. This transfers energy from the atmosphere to the surface of the Earth, and vice versa.
Reply 2
Ultraviolet rays from the Sun drive Earth's climate. Some of this incoming radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere, and some passes through to the Earth's surface, causing the atmosphere to warm.
Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere absorb most of the Earth's infrared radiation, which heats the lower atmosphere. In turn, the warmed atmosphere emits radiation, some of which radiates toward the Earth's surface, keeping our planet warm. But increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane increase the temperature by restricting the outward flow of radiation, resulting in "global warming," or, more broadly, global climate change.

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