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gcse cold war edexcel importance question

explain the importance of the formation of NATO (1949) for the development of the Cold war

does anyone know how to answer this? i dont know how to structure it or what to write
Original post by Sobbingsoobin
explain the importance of the formation of NATO (1949) for the development of the Cold war
does anyone know how to answer this? i dont know how to structure it or what to write

So first I would explain shortly what NATO was, and maybe why it was created. Then spend most of your answer focusing on the impact of NATO - like how it triggered the Warsaw pact, increasing rivalry between the East and West. How many marks is it? That should give you an idea of how long your answer should be. I hope that helps
Original post by 200000000
So first I would explain shortly what NATO was, and maybe why it was created. Then spend most of your answer focusing on the impact of NATO - like how it triggered the Warsaw pact, increasing rivalry between the East and West. How many marks is it? That should give you an idea of how long your answer should be. I hope that helps

thank you! it is 8 marks, and i did that, but the mark scheme said nato impacted the arms race, do you know how?
Reply 3
Original post by Sobbingsoobin
thank you! it is 8 marks, and i did that, but the mark scheme said nato impacted the arms race, do you know how?

Pretty sure because NATO was a military alliance, so it triggered the arms race even more as the USSR wanted to protect themself from the threat of NATO (they’re super close to it so it’s a huge threat) and bc the ussr was stockpiling weapons, the US did too. It’s like a cycle, even after the Warsaw pact.
Original post by Sobbingsoobin
thank you! it is 8 marks, and i did that, but the mark scheme said nato impacted the arms race, do you know how?

No problem! 8 marks will probably mean about 2 paragraphs I think? As for the arms race, NATO was an organisation mainly made for defence against the USSR, protecting smaller countries from being invaded, but was also viewed as a threat, prompting the USSR to increase arms production in retaliation as protection, and NATO followed, which eventually led to Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). I think that's probably what they mean, I hope that's okay!
Original post by 200000000
No problem! 8 marks will probably mean about 2 paragraphs I think? As for the arms race, NATO was an organisation mainly made for defence against the USSR, protecting smaller countries from being invaded, but was also viewed as a threat, prompting the USSR to increase arms production in retaliation as protection, and NATO followed, which eventually led to Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). I think that's probably what they mean, I hope that's okay!

ohhhh that makes so much more sense, thank you!
Original post by Sobbingsoobin
thank you! it is 8 marks, and i did that, but the mark scheme said nato impacted the arms race, do you know how?

Firstly, Nato did not trigger the Warsaw Pact. Nato was formed in 1949 and the WP in 1955. The main reason the Soviets created the Warsaw Pact was the fact that West Germany joined Nato in 1955. Second, Nato impacted the arms race because the Soviets did not see it as a defensive alliance. Instead, they saw it as a military alliance directed at them. Although the Soviets had their first atomic bomb ready in 1949, the formation of Nato spurred the Soviets to create more weapons at a faster pace.

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