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    • Thread Starter

    heya, I am doing Edexcel Route B Ideologies. I am concentratin on liberalism, conservatism, anarchism and nationalism, so any tips, ques/answers, or info is welcomed. Thanks xxx
    • Thread Starter

    sure, i spend enough money on resources, thanks!!!!!!

    (Original post by marchgirl91)
    heya, I am doing Edexcel Route B Ideologies. I am concentratin on liberalism, conservatism, anarchism and nationalism, so any tips, ques/answers, or info is welcomed. Thanks xxx
    Nationalism (from the current Edexcel A2 Spec)


    a knowledge of the variety of
    nationalist traditions and their
    different political
    manifestations, and a
    knowledge of the cross-cutting
    character of nationalism and the
    extent of its compatibility with
    other ideological traditions. An
    awareness of the rise and
    significance of religious
    fundamentalism will help
    students discuss post-colonial
    forms of nationalism, but a
    detailed knowledge of it is not

    Candidates should be aware of the linkage between Units 4b and 5b. As the ideological
    traditions in 5B have emerged either out of, or in opposition to, liberalism, conservatism
    or socialism, questions may be set that ask candidates to evaluate the relationship
    between ideological traditions that appear in 4b and 5b. This is particularly the case in
    relation to cross-cutting ideologies such as anarchism, feminism and nationalism.
    · The main traditions of nationalism of which candidates should be aware are liberal
    nationalism, conservative nationalism, chauvinist/expansionist nationalism and anticolonial
    nationalism. In addition to understanding the ideological traditions that are
    compatible with nationalism, candidates should be aware of ones which look beyond
    nationalism, particularly in advancing some form of internationalism.

    Nationalism (from the new Spec but will be relevant to current students)

    •Nations — cultural dimension of national identity (language, religion, traditions etc, organic
    community, distinction between nations and races); political dimension of national identity
    (aspiration to statehood, political community, distinction between nations and states);
    psychological dimension of national identity (national consciousness, patriotism as lower/
    weaker form of nationalism).
    • Liberal nationalism — nations as moral entities (national rights, parallels between nations
    and individuals); national self-determination (intrinsic link between nationhood and statehood,
    national sovereignty); nation state ideal (only legitimate basis for political rule, recipe for
    international peace and order); liberal objections to nationalism (human rights override
    national sovereignty, fear of international state of nature – hence liberal internationalism).
    •Conservative nationalism — national patriotism as basis for political order and stability
    (psychological tendency to be drawn to one’s own people); nations as historical communities
    (common heritage, exclusiveness of national identities); insular and inward-looking nationalism
    (defence of organic unity/identity, implicit racialism/xenophobia).
    •Expansionist nationalism — national chauvinism (national superiority/inferiority, explicit
    racialism); reactionary character (myths of past national greatness); militarism and aggression
    (conquest and expansion as proof of national greatness, social Darwinian view of international
    politics); parallels between expansionist nationalism and fascism (integral nationalism,
    ‘palingenetic ultranationalism’).
    •Anticolonial/postcolonial nationalism — nationalism as a vehicle for political liberation and
    social development (colonialism as cause of under-development); Marxism–Leninism as guide
    for developing countries’ nationalism movements (revolutionary ‘road’, national liberation as
    an overthrow of capitalist exploitation); postcolonial nationalism (anti–Westernism, religious
    fundamentalism); links to conservative nationalism.

    Anarchism (from current spec)


    · a knowledge of the breadth of
    anarchist thought, particularly
    of differences between
    collectivist anarchism and
    individualist anarchism, and of
    anarchism’s relationship to
    socialism and liberalism.
    · a knowledge of the difficulties
    anarchists have faced in
    translating their goals into
    successful political practice.

    The main sub-varieties of anarchism of which candidates should be aware are collectivist
    anarchism and individualist anarchism, but they should also recognise that each
    encompasses a range of doctrines and beliefs, and that the distinction between
    collectivism and individualism in anarchism is not always easy to draw.

    Anarchism (from new spec)

    •Anti-statism — moral dimension of anarchism (absolute freedom, political equality, personal
    autonomy); state as concentrated evil (absolute corruptibility of human nature); all states are
    evil (rejection of the proletarian state); government power cannot be tamed (constitutionalism
    and consent (liberal democracy) as tools used by ruling class to render masses quiescent).
    • Stateless society — utopian themes in anarchism (absolute freedom can co-exist with
    social order/harmony, perfectibility of human nature); collectivist basis for spontaneous
    social harmony (nurture not nature, sociability and co-operation, role of common ownership);
    individualist basis for social harmony (individual rationality, self-regulating markets); rival
    views of future stateless society; rival views of future stateless society (collectivist versus
    individualist models, eg anarcho-communism versus anarcho-capitalism).
    •Political practice — political failure of anarchism; rejection of conventional means of political
    activism (winning state power is corrupt and corrupting, opposition to hierarchical organisation,
    eg political parties); spontaneous revolution (popular thirst for freedom/autonomy, viability);
    terror/violence (‘propaganda of the deed’, revolutionary justice); direct action; moral example
    and gradualism.
    •Individualist anarchism — roots in liberal individualism (parallels with classical liberalism,
    ‘ultra-liberalism’), egoism (moral autonomy of individual); libertarianism (reconciling
    individualism with natural order — consistent Manchesterism); anarcho-capitalism (laissezfaire
    economics taken to its extreme, privatising the minimal state); differences between
    liberalism and anarchism (minimal statism versus statelessness, constitutional government
    versus anarchy).
    •Collectivist anarchism — roots in socialist collectivism (human sociability, mutual aid, ‘ultrasocialism’);
    self-management and decentralisation (direct/participatory democracy); mutualism
    (possessions as independence from the state, fair and equitable exchange); anarchosyndicalism
    (revolutionary trade unionism); anarcho-communism (parallels with Marxism, class
    system and state as interlocking enemies); differences between anarchism and Marxism (over
    proletarianism, vanguardism, proletarian dictatorship, ‘withering away’ etc).

    see http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...15&postcount=9

    for Conservatism and


    For Liberalism



    Decent Book for this subject, A.Heywood - Political Ideologies: An Introduction
    • Thread Starter

    WOW THANKS ALOT GUYS! Great help Much appreciated!!! XxXx
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