(Original post by Milli)
Assalamu'Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh
I came up with a small topic that we could discuss.
Are women allowed to be rulers in the islamic shariah?
I'd like it if everyone contributes to answering this question rather than the usual one or two people.
Not sure really, but it's good to see some Islamic discussion going on, amidst the bengali lessons
I know that a woman cannot lead Salaat when they're mixed prayers. Like she wouldn't be able to lead Salaat in the Haram i don't believe. I don't think because an Imam is a position of authority or a highly learned position (see below) instead i think it's because of the obvious saff arrangement, i.e. men at the front and woman at the back (kids in between as a 'buffer zone'
) Therefore the woman would be in plain sight of the male section and all the other subsequent consequences...
An Imam, is someone elected to lead the prayer (Salaat) although it doesn't have to be the most pious, the most learned or respected of the gathering. Hence why they allow boys (obviously baligh and studying hifz/ haafiz course) to lead Tharaweeh Salaat [or at least they did in Botswana]
Also shown by how Fathima (RA), Ayesha (RA) would have assumedly had a greater knowledge of Islam compared to some others but they never lead the Salaat. So no, women cannot lead Salaat as an Imam.
That being said, there was one
woman who was permitted to be an Imam by Rasoolullah (SAW). I asked Professor Jamal Badawi personally about this (Since people might doubt this
) and this is what he told me.
I can't remember her name, she was a widow and was permitted to lead Salaat in her house as there was no other male who had the ability to do so.
According to Prof. she was the only one in history allowed to do so, IIRC [This is in response to brother Mortimers post about religious positions]
Women are allowed to teach Qur'an and religious studies though, the equivalent to a Moulana is an Aapa (sp?) generally teaching the female students. Which brings about the point of mixing, i don't think it's a question of authority (as women and men are equal Islamically, but have different roles) rather a question of modesty and such (as mentioned above due to the saff arrangement)