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    Thought I'd write a post to include in one of the stickies in our subforum, or create a new one, based around advice on writing a resolution.
    Can anyone else offer any advice?

    So, you want to write a Resolution?

    These are the lifeblood of the MUN and the UN. While we can debate and talk all we want, a Resolution actually gets things done.

    A Resolution that passes through the GA (according to Sections 10 and 14 of the UN Charter) is a “recommendation”. But if it’s one directed to the Security Council, then under Article 25, all Resolutions passed there are binding on *all* members. If you want the UN to exercise its full power, then this is how to do it.

    A Resolution contains several key elements – the title, the committee, the delegation proposing the resolution, perambulatory clauses/phrases and the operative clauses.

    This sounds like a lot, but it’s pretty simple to work out.

    The title is pretty self-explanatory; it details the aim and target of the resolution. It should be the in the Title nor Message field of the "Post New Thread" screen. It should start with “Resolution”, followed by the year, then the number resolution it is (how many resolutions have been issues this year plus one) and then a short description. For example:-

    Resolution 2008/13 : Concerning the current situation in the DRC

    This was a resolution issued in 2008, the 13th of the year, and it dealt with the Democratic Republic of the Congo – make sense?

    The Committee is slightly more complicated. The vast majority will be to the Security Council, when it is of concern to International Peace and Security. However, some can be directed to the Social, Cultural and Humanitarian Committee if it deals with issues such as refugees or religious matters. It could be sent to the Disarmament Committee if that’s more appropriate, or the Economic Committee. If you’re confused, feel free to ask the Secretary General or any of the Mentors.
    For example, Resolution 2009/04 was sent to Social, Cultural and Humanitarian because it dealt with refugees from Sri Lanka.

    The next bit reads “Submitted by” – the full name of your country should follow here. Any country can also ask for other nations to be Co-Sponsors. This just means that the second nations name also gets tacked on here. UNOs don’t have the power to fully propose resolutions themselves, so they *have* to have a Co-Sponsor.

    Getting a Security Council member can help your Resolution in getting sent and pushed through the SC.

    Whereas Bills and Acts in national law have a Preamble, Resolutions have Preambulatory Clauses or Phrases. This details the reasons behind the resolution. This is followed by the Operative clauses, which actually detail what the Resolution proposes to do.

    There are certain ways to write this. For a start, each clause starts with a verb (sometimes with an additional modifying adverb). This is traditionally bolded or italicized for the Preambulatory clauses and underlined and/or bolded for the Operative Clauses. Preambulatory Clauses are unnumbered but Operative clauses are listed as 1. and 2. and 3. etc Preambulatory clauses should end with a comma, Operative clauses with a semi-colon ( ; ).

    Apparently, there is a tradition in the real Security Council that the last operative is almost always “Decides to remain seized of the matter," (sometimes changed to "actively seized&quot. The reasoning behind this custom is somewhat murky, but it appears to be an assurance that the body in question will consider the topic addressed in the resolution in the future if it is necessary. But it’s not something we do often in the MUN.

    Here’s a draft Resolution I just wrote

    Resolution 2009/01 : Concerning the current situation in SomaliaCommittee : Security Council
    Proposed by : Union of the Comoros, Sultanate of Oman

    Alarmed by the increase in piracy in Somalia,
    Seeking to find a solution to the issue,
    Welcoming the deployment of EU, US and Russian naval units to the Gulf of Aden,
    Thanking the General Assembly for increasing its donations to Somalia to $250million,
    Noting the suspension of Eritrea by the African Union in light of their support of the ICJ,
    Reaffirming the MUNs commitment to bettering the standard of living of all its members,
    Believing that the only way to resolve the problem is to extend the remit of the units there,

    1. Invites all nations with suitable naval power to send units to aid the UN Mission in Somalia;
    2. Calls on all nations to cease the arms trade with Somalia;
    3. Authorises an arms embargo with Eritrea;
    4. Expresses its support for African Union efforts in the Horn of Africa;
    5. Expresses its hope that all nations will send suitable aid to better the quality of life in Somalia


    Very rough, but you see where it’s coming from. It’s mostly, as you’ll notice, written as one long sentence. You can see that it was written in 2009, was the first resolution of the year, deals with Somalia, should be sent to the Security Council, was proposed by the Comoros, co-sponsored by Oman and then you can see how the Preambulatory Phrases show what the Comoros thinks of the current situation and and the Operative Clauses show what it aims to do.
    There’s plenty of useful phrases you can use.

    Preambulatory
    Spoiler:
    Show
    Affirming
    Alarmed by
    Approving
    Aware of
    Believing
    Bearing in mind
    Confident
    Contemplating
    Convinced
    Declaring
    Deeply concerned
    Deeply conscious
    Deeply Convinced
    Deeply disturbed by
    Deeply regretting
    Desiring
    Emphasising
    Expecting
    Expressing
    Fulfilling
    Fully aware
    Fully believing
    Further deploring
    Further recalling
    Guided by
    Having adopted
    Having considered
    Having examined
    Having heard
    Keeping in mind
    Noting
    Observing
    Realising
    Reaffirming
    Recalling
    Recognising
    Referring to
    Seeking
    Taking into account
    Viewing with appreciation
    Welcoming

    Operative
    Spoiler:
    Show
    Accepts
    Affirms
    Approves
    Asks
    Authorises
    Calls
    Calls upon
    Condemns
    Congratulates
    Confirms
    Considers
    Declares accordingly
    Deplores
    Draws the attention
    Designates
    Emphasises
    Encourages
    Endorses
    Expresses its appreciation
    Expresses its hope
    Further invites
    Further proclaims
    Further recommends
    Further resolves
    Further requests
    Have resolved
    Notes
    Proclaims
    Reaffirms
    Recommends
    Reminds
    Regrets
    Requests
    Solemnly affirms
    Suggests
    Supports
    Trusts
    Takes note of
    Transmits
    Urges

    Remember that all resolutions can be revised at any time before finally being voted on. All members will help you in writing it, both with structure and the actual content. The Secretary General and Mentors are the best for this but everyone helps out. Don’t be afraid to post one, it can be amended. If it fails, don’t take it personally, you can always try again with a different take on the matter, or try out a different subject. Don't give up!
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    When it came to writing my first resolution, using the Resolutions archive was very useful to get a feel for formatting.

    To be honest the Committee thing still confuses me sometimes. You're supposed to send resolutions to the SC when they concern international peace and security - don't they all...
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    That's a good point, I'll add that one in

    Same here. Most things we debate will be, but I suppose things like refugees aren't but we need more examples.
 
 
 
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