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    Treaty regarding The Use of Outer Space and Other Celestial Bodies submitted by The Republic of Turkey


    Understanding the common interest in nations concerning outer space and its exploration.

    Believing that the exploration and use of outer space should be restricted to peaceful acts for the betterment of mankind as a whole.

    Urging states to understand that the ‘weaponization’ of space can only lead to unnecessary tensions and dangers.

    Convinced that this treaty will further the Purposes and Principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

    Having agreed on the following:
    Article I

    The exploration and use of Outer Space, including all celestial bodies, shall be carried out in order to achieve the interests of all mankind. Outer Space and all celestial bodies shall be free for all nations to explore without discrimination, on a basis of equality and in accordance with international law.

    Article II


    All parties to the treaty shall not place any weapons, whether they be weapons of mass destruction or not, in orbit or on the moon or on other celestial bodies.

    The Moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all states Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful functions. All nations party to the treaty will not establish military bases, installations or fortifications or any testing of weapons on the moon or any other celestial body.

    However, the use of military personnel or any other apparatus required for scientific research or any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The protection of mankind from extraterrestrial beings, however, is a reason why the militarization of space ma be necessary. This militarization will be carried out by the UN following an order by the Secretary General.

    Article III

    States Parties to the treaty shall regard astronauts as emissaries of mankind in outer space and shall render to them all possible assistance in the event of accident, distress or emergency landing on the territory of another state party. Their presence will also be welcomed, in this case, and not nations will act with hostility upon them. The nations of these astronauts, as well as the Secretary General of the United Nations, will be alerted on their location and condition if such an event occurs.

    Article IV


    1) This treaty shall be open to all states for signature.
    2) This treaty shall be open to all signatories for ratification and will be in effect once ratification occurs.
    3) Any State party to the Treaty may propose amendments to the treaty.
    4) Any State party to the Treaty may withdraw but must give six months' notice.
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    China cannot agree to this. If all nations refuse to have these weapons then we would be very happy with it, but even if this forced all nations not to test weapons in space, not all nations are members of the (M)UN. As this is optional one nation could develop (legally) powerful weapons that other nations couldn't for one year. This gives any nation who does not sign this a huge advantage and we will be voting against this.

    The DPRK agrees strongly that we should not have military in space. While we would not sign this we are willing to see it pass.
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    While we agree with the points made, France would like to see an additional clause (or an amendment to an existing one) that gives some room for manoeuvre in the event that weaponising space is essential for the safety of mankind.
    It may sound far fetched, but we can never rule out needing to defend ourselves in the future against near-Earth objects (such as asteroids) and we should factor this in to the Treaty.

    [OOC: I held off suggesting we might need to defend against an alien invasion :tongue:]
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    [OOC]That's bloody excellent P :rofl: Actually, fair point.[/OOC]

    Perhaps, to answer the concerns of the representative for France, there could be a provision that the weaponization of space could be permitted under the terms of this treaty when under the directive of the United Nations, organized by the Secretariat, and supported by a SC Resolution.
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    (Original post by Student2806)
    While we agree with the points made, France would like to see an additional clause (or an amendment to an existing one) that gives some room for manoeuvre in the event that weaponising space is essential for the safety of mankind.
    It may sound far fetched, but we can never rule out needing to defend ourselves in the future against near-Earth objects (such as asteroids) and we should factor this in to the Treaty.

    [OOC: I held off suggesting we might need to defend against an alien invasion :tongue:]
    The Republic of Turkey agrees with this statement, however far-fetched it may be. An amendment is currently being made.
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    The amendment has been made in the Article II, paragraph 3.
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    The US cannot enter into this treaty.
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    Would the representative for the USA care to discuss the reasons why?
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    The Portuguese Republic agrees with the purpose of this treaty and is completely against the weaponisation of space. However, we share the same concerns as China in that other nations can choose not to sign it, and continue to weaponise space, leaving us helpless for a year.
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    Nigeria is against the use of weapons in space. We have enough problems with weapons on the Earth. Nigeria will not agree to this treaty.
    However should aliens come, then bring the treaty up again..
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    Malta will sign.
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    The Rok cannot enter this treaty because it feels that while nations have the potential to use weapons of mass destruction on Earth's surface, then nations have the right to use technological advances, including in space, to defend themselves against the threat.
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    (Original post by quizster)
    The Rok cannot enter this treaty because it feels that while nations have the potential to use weapons of mass destruction on Earth's surface, then nations have the right to use technological advances, including in space, to defend themselves against the threat.
    Well the purpose of this Treaty is to promote the idea that nations do not have to invest millions of dollars in weapons just so that it can defend itself. If all nations were to agree and sign, then this would result in less tension between nations, and the ability to improve the general quality of life of the average citizen. Plus, The Republic of Turkey feels that the use of weapons of mass destruction is inhumane and these weapons should be prohibited. This is also the case for nuclear weapons and is why the Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty was made; which, I might add, South Korea signed on 1st July, 1968
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    (Original post by Afcwimbledon2)
    Malta will sign.
    The delegate for The Republic of Turkey would like to thank Malta
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    Thats ok, it is all someone needs to say.
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    (Original post by taigan)
    Well the purpose of this Treaty is to promote the idea that nations do not have to invest millions of dollars in weapons just so that it can defend itself. If all nations were to agree and sign, then this would result in less tension between nations, and the ability to improve the general quality of life of the average citizen. Plus, The Republic of Turkey feels that the use of weapons of mass destruction is inhumane and these weapons should be prohibited. This is also the case for nuclear weapons and is why the Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty was made; which, I might add, South Korea signed on 1st July, 1968
    The Republic of Korea whole heartedly agrees with the delegate from The Republic of Turkey with regards to the case for nuclear non-proliferation. However, while they are still some nations seeking to create nuclear weapons, these nations pose a clear and present danger to the freedom and liberty of all nations across the globe, and while these nations pose a threat, the RoK feels that nations should have the ability to defend themselves, and in some cases this may result in creating weapons system in space for defence purposes.

    Until the regimes who are in the pursuit of nuclear weaponry halt their endeavours and no longer pose a threat, the RoK cannot sign this treaty.
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    The Portuguese Republic is currently being considered as the future location of a spaceport, for private space travel company Virgin Galactic, which would provide an economic boost to the nation. We feel any weaponisation of space would greatly affect the future of this project, pose a possibly very serious threat to the livelihood of passengers, and deter many from wanting to use the service. Although we would prefer the length of notice needed to be given for withdrawal to be reduced, we are strongly considering signing this treaty.
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    (Original post by quizster)
    The Republic of Korea whole heartedly agrees with the delegate from The Republic of Turkey with regards to the case for nuclear non-proliferation. However, while they are still some nations seeking to create nuclear weapons, these nations pose a clear and present danger to the freedom and liberty of all nations across the globe, and while these nations pose a threat, the RoK feels that nations should have the ability to defend themselves, and in some cases this may result in creating weapons system in space for defence purposes.

    Until the regimes who are in the pursuit of nuclear weaponry halt their endeavours and no longer pose a threat, the RoK cannot sign this treaty.
    The Republic of Turkey would like to clarify that currently, no nations are planning to weaponize space just yet. Therefore, the ROK shouldn't fear it would lack the ability to defend itself in the future if it signs the treaty. This treaty is planning ahead so that a need to militarize space never will occur. Also, if ROK feels that it is binding itself too tightly, it should also know that it is allowed to withdraw from the treaty if it signs (however must give notice).
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    The Republic of Turkey is considering reducing the time-span to 6 months as this would allow nations to feel less bound by the treaty. The Republic of Turkey however would like to know the Secretary General's opinion as well as other states' opinion on this...
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    (Original post by taigan)
    The Republic of Turkey would like to clarify that currently, no nations are planning to weaponize space just yet. Therefore, the ROK shouldn't fear it would lack the ability to defend itself in the future if it signs the treaty. This treaty is planning ahead so that a need to militarize space never will occur. Also, if ROK feels that it is binding itself too tightly, it should also know that it is allowed to withdraw from the treaty if it signs (however must give notice).

    The RoK thanks the delegate from the RoT on the clarification. The RoK does understand that they are no known military operations in space at present, and feels this is reassuring.

    However, the RoK understands that they are regimes and terrorist organisations currently seeking weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weaponry to use in the "traditional" sense, ie. long range missiles or bombs.

    If technology advances permit, the RoK feels that a defensive weapons in space could eliminate this threat, and therefore securing the freedom and security of the Republic of Korea against attack.

    It is with this that the RoK cannot sign the treaty.
 
 
 
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