What are these historians and historiography Watch

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carcharodon
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#1
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#1
What exactly is historiography?
and what is an
intentionalist?
Structuralist?
and Revisionist?
ty!!
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Socrates
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historiography: where there are two or more opinions about a certain event.
revisionist: challenging the accepted view.
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lskdgjsj
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(Original post by carcharodon)
What exactly is historiography?
and what is an
intentionalist?
Structuralist?
and Revisionist?
ty!!


Historiography, literally, is the writing of history (from the Greek historia + graphia, history-writing); and is generally taken to mean the body of critical examination, selection, and synthesis that constitutes the 'method' of history.

Intentionalism is the view that a particular work is the result of conscious design.

Structuralism more or less began in linguistics, as the view that language is a sort of self-contained relational structure: elements being derived therefrom, and gaining meaning through their deployment and opposition in text and discourse. This was carried over into the social sciences, anthropology in particular, where the structures of society are taken to represent the stucture of the human mind.

Revisionism was originally an attempt to revise Marxist theory, by reinterpreting certain historical 'facts'. It's applied loosely now to any sort of rewriting of history for ideological, cultural, social, or political purposes.
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epitome
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Also, in terms of details, depends which period/topic you're studying. I'm guessing from the question that you might be doing either Hitler's Germany, or Stalin's Russia?
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Reema
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Historiography is the study of historical debate - i.e what historians have said in the past.

Intentionalist historians are those that argue that a series of event/event was solely the intention of particular individuals (e.g The development of the Hitler Regime was due to the controlled planning and power of Hitler).

Structuralist historians are those that look at external factors or alternative factors for the development of events (with Hitler - some structuralists argue that Hitler was a weak dictator because he was limited by his style of government and by economic/foreign elements for example).

A revisionist, is, to echo the above - someone who challenges a traditional view. Famous example is AJP Taylor.
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Comrade_Jack
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I think the main use of knowing the historiography stuff at A level, at least with the edexcel paper, is to be able to identify what perspective the authors of sources such as modern day textbooks are taking. It's useful to be able to say, yes this person would make this inference about Stalin's level of control because they take a more intentionalist view of events. The historiography knowledge itself will not necessarily get you better marks, if it's used correctly the examiner will give you some credit but you can still achieve the highest grades without it.
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FarnhamBoy
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For those doing Russian History and the Revolution:

OPTIMIST - Those who think Russia would have survived if WW1 hadn't happened. They also believe that a Bolshevik Revolution was NOT inevitable and that it happened by chance.

PESSIMIST - Those who think a worker's revolution was inevitable down to long-standing social and economic problems.
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