New Zealand

Capital: Wellington Continent: Zealandia/Oceania Prime Minister: John Key Languages: English and Maori Currency: New Zealand dollar

TSR:

New Zealand is formed of two separate main islands [The North and South] and lies south east of Australia across the Tasman sea. Whilst not being a particularly powerful country it has always punched above its weight in world affairs and has been a pioneer in democracy.

Politics: The politics of New Zealand take place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy. The basic system is closely patterned on that of the Westminster System, although a number of significant modifications have been made. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented by the Governor-General and the head of government is the Prime Minister who chairs the Cabinet drawn from an elected Parliament. New Zealand has no formal codified constitution; the constitutional framework consists of a mixture of various documents (including certain acts of the United Kingdom and New Zealand Parliaments), the Treaty of Waitangi and constitutional conventions. The Constitution Act in 1852 established the system of government and these were later consolidated in 1986. Constitutional rights are protected under common law and are strengthened by the Bill of Rights Act 1990 and Human Rights Act 1993, although these are not entrenched and can be overturned by Parliament with a simple majority. The Constitution Act describes the three branches of Government in New Zealand: The Executive (the Sovereign and Cabinet), the legislature (Parliament) and the judiciary (Courts).

John Phillip Key (born 9 August 1961) is the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand, in office since 2008. He has led the New Zealand National Party since 2006. New Zealand is a non nuclear state in every respect, it even turned away any and all US Navy ships carrying nuclear weapons or using Nuclear power

Multi-party system, similar in many ways to the British system from which it is derived


Economy:

New Zealand has a market economy that is greatly dependent on international trade, mainly with Australia, the European Union, the United States, China, South Korea and Japan. It has only small manufacturing and high-tech sectors, being strongly focused on tourism and primary industries such as agriculture. Free-market reforms of recent decades have removed many barriers to foreign investment, and the World Bank in 2005 praised New Zealand as being the most business-friendly country in the world, before Singapore • Ranked 3rd easiest country to do business with • Trade organisations we belong to; APEC, WTO and OECD

Religion:

Christian

Society:

Multi-ethnic, multilingual society made up of various different people due to the nature of its founding its main groups include Europeans, Maoris, Somoans, Tongans, Fijians and other islanders Current issues: Economic - Over reliance on Tourism and agriculture Terrorism – Little to no threat from terrorism New Zealand being a young country still constantly faces the threat of earth quakes [and tsunamis] and volcanic eruptions, it should be noted one of the world’s super volcanoes is located in New Zealand – Lake Taupo Brain drain to Australia, UK and other English speaking nations


Allies: Most of the civilised world most importantly; Australia, Canada, UK, USA, Europe.

Hostilities towards: No one

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