- Capital: Moscow
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- Continent: Europe and Asia
- President: Vladimir Putin
- Prime Minister: Dmitry Medvedev
- Languages: Russian
- Currency: Ruble
The Russian Federation [Russia] is the successor USSR is still one of the most powerful countries in the world both in military strength, political authority and its rising economic power
The politics of Russia takes place in the framework of a federal semi-presidential republic. According to the Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is head of state, and of a multi-party system with executive power exercised by the government, headed by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President with the parliament's approval. Legislative power is vested in the two houses of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, while the President and the government issue numerous legally binding by-laws. Currently the United Russia party are currently in power headed by Mr Putin and Medvedev. Russia is also a permanent member of the security council taking over the seat the USSR held after dissolution.
Russia has the fourth largest army in the world and is a nuclear armed state and according to several sources owns the largest number of nuclear weapons of any nation. It should also be noted that Russia is the only nation to detonate a device above 15Mt with the Tsar bomb of 50Mt.
8th largest in the world by nominal value and 6th largest by purchasing power • The economy is largely dependant on natural resources namely; natural gas, oil, coal and precious metals however other sectors of the economy comprise of Defense industry [2nd largest arms exporter], Aviation, Space, Automotive, Electronics, Railroad and Agriculture.
Russian orthodox Christian, Islam Judaism and Buddhism are all considered traditional religions in Russia, however the majority of Russians consider themselves Orthodox Christian with 41% identifying as so.
Multi-ethnic, multilingual society made up of various different people due to the vastness of the country. Despite Russia's fast growing wealth and abundance of billionaires the average Russian is still poor compared to their western counterparts. It has a contracting population due to a relatively low birth rate along with high mortality rates and low life expectancies of just 62.77 years for men and 74.67 for women in 2009.
Corruption - Russia is on the 133th place out of 17 on the Corruption perception index, Perception of a ‘Putins Russia’ run by him for him strong evidence points to this from many different sectors law, industry, judiciary, politics and most publicly the Winter Olympic games Economic - Over reliance on commodities such as gas and oil to fund spending, Capital flight, Brain drain Weak institutions - Russia’s institutional environment ranking 133 out of 144 countries in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Index 2012–2013, the development of the country’s institutions represents one of its key challenges Terrorism – Caucus’s and Chechnya being the biggest issues.
Allies: BRIC nations, Belarus, Iran, Egypt, China, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, Moldova, Bulgaria, Romania, Slovakia, The Czech Republic, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Serbia, Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia, Uzbekistan, North Korea, Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Mongolia, Sweden(Pending), AND Syria [it should be noted that Russia is not allies as such towards many of these countries however cordial relations are maintained for the respective prosperity of both parties]
Hostilities towards: USA, Georgia, Western Europe, NATO [it should be noted that Russia is not hostile as such towards countries however cordial relations may not always be maintained]