TSR Wiki > Life > Debating > TSR Model UN > Country Profiles

South Africa

This article is write protected. If you think something needs editing on this page, you should notify the MUN SG
Untitled.png

MUN Wiki Home
Country Profiles
MUN FAQMUN CharterMUN HistoryList of MUN Positions
MUN ResolutionsMUN Position Papers

south-african-flag-8ft-x-5ft-1252-p.jpg

Continent: Africa
Capital: Pretoria(executive), Bloemfontein(judicial) and Cape Town(legislative)
President: Jacob Zuma
Population: 51 Million
Currency: South African Rand

Background

South Africa is a country situated on the southernmost tip of the continent. For much of the 20th century the country was ruled by a white minority under a system called Apartheid, which disenfranchised the Black population and legally segregated them.

Due to international and internal pressure Apartheid started to dismantle in 1990 until majority rule was instated with the country’s first free majority elections in 1994. Politically the country is a Constitutional Parliamentary Republic, with the Head of State also being the Head of Government.

South Africa is both a founding member of both the United Nations and its predecessor the League of Nations.

Demographics

South Africa has a colourful mix of cultures with many different races calling the country home with over 11 national languages.

The breakdown of the ethnic demographics is 79% Black, White 9.6%, Coloured 8.9%, Asian 2.5%. Christianity is the main religion in South Africa, although there is a sizeable minority of Muslims and followers of other religions.

Economy

South Africa has a mixed economy, with some of its main industries being mining and agriculture. Their main trading partners are Japan, Germany, United States and China.

Problems include unemployment and vast inequality in wages and living standards.

Political Future

Corruption and bad governance are all threats to South Africa reaching its potential. The ruling ANC party have also introduced some controversial measures which have been interpreted as wanting to curtail any opposition; they have also mentioned the want to ‘Africanise’ the constitution.

Along with this you have unemployment, inequality and crime which can make for a volatile mix.

Try Learn together, TSR's study area

35,708
revision notes

39,334
mindmaps

39,747
crosswords

15,208
quizzes

create
a study planner

thousands
of discussions


Poll
Do you think you'll achieve your predicted A Level grades?
Study resources

The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd.

Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE