But do you not use the distance between as center to center? So you are creating a rightangled triangle when none exists.(Original post by teachercol)
I think you should use the diameter to find the angle subtended.

Aph
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 30062016 06:43

TheFarmerLad
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 30062016 08:45
(Original post by teachercol)
OCR Physics A G485 FP and FoP 28/6/16
Usual disclaimers. These are just my quick answers . They may and probably will contain errors and typos.
My students were pretty happy when they came out of the exam room yesterday.
First impression is that this was pretty straight down the middle.
Not much in the way of long extended answers
Here we go
Q1 a) 1T = 1N / 1A x 1m = 1 kg ms2 / 1 Cs1 x 1m = kg s1 C1 (2)
b) i) Bqv = mv^2 / r so B = mv / qr = (9.11E31 x 7.0E6)/(1.6E19 x 2.5E2) = 1.59E3 (3)
ii) T = 2 pi r / v = 2 pi x 2.5E2 / 7.0E6 =2.2E8s (1)
iii) If v doubles and m, B, and q are same then r is prop to v, so r doubles
T is prop to r/v so stays constant. (2)
Total: 8
Q2 a) Direction should be + to 
Field lines must meet plates at 90 (2)
b) i) Grad = dy/dx = 1.0E21/8.0E27 = 1.25E7
E = Q / 4 pi eo r^2 so Grad = Q / 4 pi eo so Q = 4 pi eo x grad
= 1.19E17 C (2)
ii) Charge decreases by 2e (so now Q = 1.358E17C)
Grad is prop to Q so will decrease (2)
c) i) mg = Eq = Vq/d
4/3 pi r^3 rho = Vq/d so q = 1.12E18C (3)
ii) N=Q/e = 7 (1)
Total: 10
Q3 a) i) Mag flux linkage = product of no of turns on coil and magnetic flux through 1 turn of coil (1)
ii) 1) L = N x 2 pi r so N = ? / 2 pi r (1)
2) N phi = NBA = L / 2 pi r x B x pi r^2 = BrL/2 (1)
b) i) Faraday's law says induced emf  rate of change of magnetic flux linkage (1)
ii) emf =  gradient > cos graph (2)
c) Ac supply creates alternating current in primary coil which creates alternating flux in primary
Core 'conducts' flux through secondary coil.
Alternating flux in secondary induces an alternating emf in secondary (2)
Total: 8
Q4 a) In series so same charge
v=Q/C so V is prop to 1/C
so if B has twice the capacitance it has half the PD. (2)
b) 1/C = 1/200 + 1/200 so C = 100uF
R = 18 + 9 = 27k so tau = 27E3 x 100E6 = 2.7s (3)
c) i) Initial I = 1.5E4A from graph
so Vo = IR = 6.0v
so Qo = CV = 7.2E3C (2)
ii) 2 x 40k in parallel means resistance halves so time constant halves
so graph starts at twice the current (3.0) and has quarter value at each 20s
Total: 9
Q5 a) i) 2 x 1n0 (1)
ii) 0e1 + antineutrino (2)
b) i) No of decay/s = 2000/9.0E3 = 2.22E15
so Activity = 2.22E15
lambda = ln2/half life = 2.293E10 s1 (convert y to s!)
N = A / lambda = 8.906E24
n = N/NA = 14.79 moles so m = 0.238x 14.79 = 3.52 kg (4)
ii) W = Pt = 120/1000 x 24 = 2.88 kW.h (2)
Total: 9
Q6 a) Hadrons experience strong force (1)
b) u +2/3 ; d 1/3 (1)
c) proton = uud (1)
d) uud + udd = uud + uud + pi
so pi = d +ubar(3)
e) i) E = mc^2 where E = energy m = change in mass c = speed of light in a vacuum (1)
ii) Min KE = 1.4E8eV = 2.24E11 J
so m = E/c^2 = 2.29E28 kg (2)
Total: 9
Q7 a) 1) fission occurs with heavy nuclei; fusion with light
2) fission: 1 nucleus splits into 2 smaller ones; fusion two small nuclei join to form 1 larger one (2)
b) Nuclei need to get close enough for strong force to pull them together
so need enough energy to overcome coulomb repulsion
KE = 3/2 kT so need high temperatures
Need a reasonable chance that collision will occur so need lots of nuclei ie high pressures (4)
c) i) Bombard nucleus with thermal neutrons. Neutron is absorbed by nucleus.
Unstable nucleus splits ( releasing more neutrons) (2)
ii) 3/2 kT = 1/2 mv^2
T = 300+273 = 573K so v = 3736 ms1 (3)
Total: 11
Q8 a) Photoelectric effect
Photon absorbed; electron released
Compton scattering
Photon scattered with lower energy at an angle and electron emitted
Pair production
Photon absorbed and electron/positron pair created.
1st and 3rd involve photon being absorbed so transmitted intensity decreases. (4)
b) i) E = hf = hc/ lambda = .141E14J (2)
ii) Gradient = mu so mu =  gradient = 0.20 (2)
Total: 8
Q9 a) Frequency of radio waves = angular frequency / 2 pi = 6.37E6 Hz
so lambda = 3.0E8/6.37E6 = 4.7m (3)
b) relaxation time = time between proton being excited to higher energy state and dropping back to ground state (1)
Total:4
Q10 a) piezoelectric effect: when apply PD to a crystal, it expands or contracts. (1)
b) i) z = product of density and speed of sound in material (1)
ii) In patient, ultrasound will reflect off boundaries between different tissue types (media with different z) (1)
c) z muscle = 1.38E6; z fat = 1.69E6
so Ir/I = (z2z1)^2 / (z2+z1)^2 = 0.0961/9.42 = 1.0%
so 99% is transmitted (3)
Total: 6
Q11 a) tan(theta) = 1.3E20/2.4E22 so theta = 0.31 degrees (1)
b) dlambda / lanbda = v/c so d lambda = 656.3 x 2.5E5 /3.0E8 = 0.547 nm (2)
c) GMm/R^2 = mv^/r so M  v^r/G = 6.09E40 kg
so N = M/m = 3.03E10 stars (4)
Total: 7
Q12 a) Initially all 4 forces unified
Grav force splits first; primordial quark soup
Strong force separates; leptons form from photons; more matter than antimatter
weak and EM force separate; protons and neutrons formed ; p:n = 4:1; annihilation results in matter only
Fusion forms He and Li; matter is plasma
Atoms form; recombination; universe is transparent; first light CMB formed (5)
b) Hubble: for distant galaxies, velocity of recession is prop to distance (1)
c) i) rho = 8 x 1.673E27
= 8 H0^2 / 8 pi G so Ho = 2.73E18 s1 (3)
ii) t = 1 / Ho = 3.6E17 s = 1.14E10 y (2)
Total: 11
Hopefully that adds up to 100.
Not bad
I wouldn't expect grade boundaries to be below what they were last year.
Good exam paper. Well done examiners. 
teachercol
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 30062016 09:40
(Original post by King Ahmed)
For q2c i) I was able to find the weight and find an expression for charge but got the wrong answer wil I lose any marks since this is was a ' show that 'question. 
teachercol
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 30062016 09:53
(Original post by TheFarmerLad)
Hi teachercol , thank you as usual for your report. Going to be a long one I'm afraid.2)a) (i) any credit for saying field lines are of equal spacing/parallel when they shouldn't be? 3)a) (i) I simply wrote no. of turns of coil x flux density x area of wire perp to field, does this gain credit?b) (i) I stupidly drew a positive cos graph with a slightly larger amplitude, both marks lost?4)c) (i) did this weirdly but think I got the same answer as you. Found the time constant using cap x res, then calculated the charge lost 'Q1' during that time using loss in current x time constant. Then used Q = (Q+Q1) e^1 to find Q after time constant, then added that to Q1 for original charge... 5) b) (i) found the decay constant however didn't get the correct number 'N' value. However I did my N value divided by Avogadro x molar mass, how many marks?6)a) hadrons are made up of quarks?e) (i) I defined E as the BE (for a particular nucleus) and M as the mass defect (of the same nucleus)..?11) a) I did it with the diameter as well. Is that a typo or the correct answer? 12) a) any credit forniverse cooled as it expanded, to 3K. CMBR redshifted from gamma radiation due to loss in energy (as energy prop to temp)? Realise that this is extremely tedious for you but if you have the time, I'd appreciate your feedback!
3ai you've defined magnetic flux along the way  should be OK
b) 1 for not getting it inverted
4ci you cant use charge = current x time if current is not constant. so 0/2
5bi its a long question so probably ecf in there.
6a) quarks will be OK
ei) I wouldn't give it.
11a) dia will be Ok. You can use radius then double angle but you'll get same answer with an angle that small.
12a)cool and expand should be worth a mark/ mention of CMB should be worth a mark too. 
teachercol
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 30062016 09:55
(Original post by Aph)
But do you not use the distance between as center to center? So you are creating a rightangled triangle when none exists. 
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 30062016 11:47
teachercol , on the first question how many marks would i lose for using 5x10^2 as the radius through the question?
Also would i get a mark on drawing the emf graph for doing a sinusoidal curve with correct period and amplitude? ThankyouLast edited by CoIIins; 30062016 at 11:49. 
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 30062016 12:03
@teachercol, what do you reckon the A* and A boundaries will be like for this paper?

teachercol
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 30062016 12:52
(Original post by CoIIins)
teachercol , on the first question how many marks would i lose for using 5x10^2 as the radius through the question?
Also would i get a mark on drawing the emf graph for doing a sinusoidal curve with correct period and amplitude? Thankyou
b)a sin graph probably wont score any marks  amplitude isn't relevant. Id expect 1 mark for a cos graph and 2 for cos. 
teachercol
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 30062016 12:53
(Original post by Asurat)
@teachercol, what do you reckon the A* and A boundaries will be like for this paper? 
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 30062016 12:57
(Original post by teachercol)
Probably much the same as last year  but until I've seen a few papers I don't know 
Laurasaur
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 30062016 13:02
For 8bii) Gradient = mu so mu =  gradient = 0.20 (2)
Would I get marks for calculating the maximum intensity and one further along the line (using e^the y value) and putting it into I=I0e^ux ? I think I got 0.20Last edited by Laurasaur; 30062016 at 13:06. 
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 30062016 13:58
hey ! for differences between fusion and fission i said that fission can be induced by thermal neutrons, do you think that may get the mark ?

teachercol
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 30062016 15:06
(Original post by Laurasaur)
For 8bii) Gradient = mu so mu =  gradient = 0.20 (2)
Would I get marks for calculating the maximum intensity and one further along the line (using e^the y value) and putting it into I=I0e^ux ? I think I got 0.20 
teachercol
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 30062016 15:07
(Original post by DAWG123)
hey ! for differences between fusion and fission i said that fission can be induced by thermal neutrons, do you think that may get the mark ? 
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 30062016 18:53
(Original post by teachercol)
..
How detailed do you have to be for 2a) ?
I simply put that the direction and the shape was wrong. Would this give me 0/2??
I think I may have lost quite a few marks for 12a)
I forgot to mention that all forces were unified however I stated
Fg seperated first in primordial quark soup stage.
Fs seperated next, leptons from photons.
Fw and Fe seperated, quarks were only found in atoms.
How many marks do you think i'd lose?
Other than that I've seem to have gotten everything so overall a good paper !
Thanks 
teachercol
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 01072016 11:04
(Original post by calcumm)
How detailed do you have to be for 2a) ?
I simply put that the direction and the shape was wrong. Would this give me 0/2??
I think I may have lost quite a few marks for 12a)
I forgot to mention that all forces were unified however I stated
Fg seperated first in primordial quark soup stage.
Fs seperated next, leptons from photons.
Fw and Fe seperated, quarks were only found in atoms.
How many marks do you think i'd lose?
Other than that I've seem to have gotten everything so overall a good paper !
Thanks
Hard to say for 12a. I don't know exactly what will and what wont score marks. 
Ramil Ahmadov
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 01072016 13:56
(Original post by teachercol)
Direction should score a mark. Shape on its own wont score.
Hard to say for 12a. I don't know exactly what will and what wont score marks. 
teachercol
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 01072016 16:55
(Original post by Ramil Ahmadov)
Do you think i will score a mark for saying field lines should be curved and the distance between field lines should be different because the field is not uniform? I also mentioned the direction. 
Ramil Ahmadov
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 08072016 18:50
(Original post by teachercol)
Seems reasonable to me
Q8 ii) Gradient = mu so mu =  gradient = 0.20 (2)
Thanks in advance 
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 11072016 10:03
It was a graph of Ln(I) against x for absorption of X rays.
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