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    Okay in the Jan 2009 Q2)e It says Arsenic is in the same group as nitrogen. It forms the compound AsH3 Draw the shape of an AsH3 molecule, including any lone pairs of electrons. Name the shape made by its atoms.

    I would DRAW AsH3 as a tetrahedral (because of the 3 bonds + lone pair) but i thought when naming you disregard the lone pair so it would be a trigonal planar.

    Can someone please clear this up for me x
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    It's not planar.
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    (Original post by Fabolous)
    Okay in the Jan 2009 Q2)e It says Arsenic is in the same group as nitrogen. It forms the compound AsH3 Draw the shape of an AsH3 molecule, including any lone pairs of electrons. Name the shape made by its atoms.

    I would DRAW AsH3 as a tetrahedral (because of the 3 bonds + lone pair) but i thought when naming you disregard the lone pair so it would be a trigonal planar.

    Can someone please clear this up for me x
    It would be trigonal pyrimidal shape, with 4 bonding pairs or electrons, including one lone pair. This lone pair repels more than bonding pairs so therefore the bond angle would be 107 degrees.
    The shape is not tetrahedral because that shape has bonding angles of 109.5 degrees and there are indeed 4 electron bonded pairs around the central atom but there are no lone pairs, so no repulsion. A tetrahedral molecule is methane or an ammonium ion.
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    (Original post by thecdon)
    It would be trigonal pyrimidal shape, with 4 bonding pairs or electrons, including one lone pair. This lone pair repels more than bonding pairs so therefore the bond angle would be 107 degrees.
    The shape is not tetrahedral because that shape has bonding angles of 109.5 degrees and there are indeed 4 electron bonded pairs around the central atom but there are no lone pairs, so no repulsion. A tetrahedral molecule is methane or an ammonium ion.
    Hi, thanks for your help - so you would draw it as a trigonal pyrimidal shape but would you name it that?
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    The shape is tetrahedral, with the same bond angles as a tetrahedral but it would be called trigonal pyramidal.
    For AS, this is sufficient.
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    (Original post by WhatamIdoing)
    The shape is tetrahedral, with the same bond angles as a tetrahedral but it would be called trigonal pyramidal.
    For AS, this is sufficient.
    NO...

    The SHAPE is trigonal pyramidal

    The arrangement of electrons pairs/regions of electron density is tetrahedral.

    You only refer to the shape of the molecule and the bond angles subtended between two atoms and the central atom. You do not refer to the arrangement of the electrons as the shape of the molecule.
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    (Original post by charco)
    NO...

    The SHAPE is trigonal pyramidal

    The arrangement of electrons pairs/regions of electron density is tetrahedral.

    You only refer to the shape of the molecule and the bond angles subtended between two atoms and the central atom. You do not refer to the arrangement of the electrons as the shape of the molecule.
    That's what I meant, sorry.
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    It has the distorted tetrahedral shape so that the bond angle is different (due to lone-pair to bonded-pair repulsion> bonded-pair to bonded-pair repulsion). The structure should be called as (trigonal) pyramidal but not tetrahedral
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    yes, it's the same shape as ammonia. So if you include lone pairs you could say it was tetrahedral. But as you say, when naming the shape of a compound you only think about the actual bonds. So imagine the lone pair as invisible and you have an arsenic at the apex of a trigonal pyramid (not trigonal planar, by the way)
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    Im sure this is exactly the same as this thread http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...600&highlight=
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    (Original post by chembob)
    Im sure this is exactly the same as this thread http://www.thestudentroom.co.uk/show...600&highlight=
    so it is! How annoying.

    Fabolous - please don't re-post exactly the same question when you've already had it answered!
 
 
 
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