Changing spaces making places key words

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  • Created on: 07-02-19 10:12
Advanced country IMF classification
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Emerging developing country IMF classification
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Lower income and developing country IMF classification
3 of 100
Newly industrialised country (1970 onwards)
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Aging population
A demographic made up prominently of older people aged 65+ so have a high dependency ratio
6 of 100
Building design which may be influenced by a specific era
7 of 100
Brain drain
The movement of the younger demographic to the urban core from rural areas in search of higher paid and skilled jobs
8 of 100
Brandet line
The split between the rich North and the poor south which is now becoming out dated
9 of 100
Brownfield site
An area of land which is no longer used. Usually the location of past industry
10 of 100
Built environment
The human part of a place
11 of 100
A socioeconomic system where goods and services act to generate profit
12 of 100
A government collection of data on the population taken every 10 years
13 of 100
Competitive advantage
When a country specialises in an activity that they are more skilled at
14 of 100
Community services
Services to support the local community
15 of 100
People who travel to work
16 of 100
Comprehensive redevelopment
Planning and rebuilding of an urban areas. Involving the demolition of almost all infrastructure and buildings
17 of 100
A society who has a high level of disposable income and continue to purchase goods
18 of 100
Cyclical change
Booms and recessions linked to waves of innovation which occur in cycles
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The closure of factories and industry in an area
20 of 100
The structure of the population. Eg. age, gender
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The spread of ethnic or national groups away from their homeland
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Digital divide
The divide between locatiocess to revins which have developing technology and those who do not
23 of 100
Digital revolution
The advancements in technology
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Disposable income
Money that is left over once bills have been paid
25 of 100
Economic boom
The upward push of productivity in a small scale place or on a global scale
26 of 100
Economic liberalization
When a countries economy becomes free and capitalism is encouraged
27 of 100
Environmental Impact Assessment - this is completed before development to assess any impacts to the physical environment and social environment
28 of 100
Employment structure
The structure of employment comprising of primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary jobs
29 of 100
Enterprise zones
Areas designated for increased FDI and regeneration by governments
30 of 100
Foreign direct investment
31 of 100
Formal representation
Statistical information
32 of 100
Formal sector
Recognized legal jobs that pay tax.
33 of 100
Data that is about a specific place
34 of 100
Gini coefficient
A measure of economic distribution in a place
35 of 100
Geographical information systems
36 of 100
The growing intergration and independence of people's lives and spread of ideas and business
37 of 100
Global shift
The shift of secondary industry to different countries eg AC to EDC
38 of 100
Global village
The feeling that the world is shrinking and the world is seen as a single community
39 of 100
Government taxation budget
Government money spent across different sectors
40 of 100
Green belt
Area of land which is still green and "protected" from development
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Housing tenure
The system under which houses are occupied
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Intergovernmental organization that works on a global scale
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Indeed of multiple deprivation
UK government ranking system which looks at levels of deprivation across the UK
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Industrial revolution
The movement to secondary sector work from primary sector work
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Informal representation
The use of images and opinions to show a place
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Informal sector
Jobs that are not recognized and do not pay tax
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Basic physical structures of a place Eg. roads
48 of 100
Key settlement
Rural settlement where there are services and it has been designed to grow in the future and cope with the growth
49 of 100
Knowledge economy
An economy built on highly intellectual based employment
50 of 100
Millennium development goals set by the UN in 2000
51 of 100
The movement of people
52 of 100
Multiplier effect
When one thing causes the growth of another
53 of 100
New economy
A service based economy
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Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
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An space with meaning attached
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Place making
The process of rebranding and regeneration to change a space to a place
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Stakeholders or players
People who have an interest and impact. Eg. goverments, local communities
58 of 100
Post industry society
A society which is mainly tertiary sector based and once was secondary sector based
59 of 100
Primary sector
Extracting natural resources
60 of 100
Qualitative data
Non statistical data Eg. images
61 of 100
Quantitative data
Statistical data Eg. census data
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Changing a places identity
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Declining economy
64 of 100
Development associated with rebranding to create a new place image
65 of 100
Improving an area through economic investment
66 of 100
Regional Development Grants issues by the EU for places that are significantly poorer than the rest of the UK
67 of 100
Rural periphery
An area away from the urban areas Eg. Cornwall
68 of 100
Rural urban fringe
The surrounding area of an urban area
69 of 100
How larger and what effect something is having
70 of 100
Secondary sector
Industrial based employment
71 of 100
Super output area used to split data into areas of 1500 people
72 of 100
Social mobility
The ability for someone to move up a social class
73 of 100
An area with no emotional meaning to an individual
74 of 100
Spatial inequality
Unequal access to resources
75 of 100
Social deprivation
When an area falls below the minimum acceptable living standards
76 of 100
Sport led regeneration
Regeneration of areas due to porting events which catalase development Eg. Olympics
77 of 100
Money paid by the government to reduce costs
78 of 100
Sustainable development goals
UN goals which focus on the environment and social welfare
79 of 100
Money gained by the government so investments can be made in public services
80 of 100
Tertiary sector
The sector that provides a survice
81 of 100
The minimum number of people needed for a service to be provided in an area
82 of 100
Time space compression
Globalization and the digital revolution causes a shrinking world effect where space becomes a smaller issue and travel is faster
83 of 100
Transnational corporation which oporates in other countries and invests in them
84 of 100
Triangular graphs
Used to show clusters of data
85 of 100
Urban core regions
Parts of a country or city where investment is focused
86 of 100
The changing of land use from rural to urban. An increase in human interaction
87 of 100
Ventured capital
Investment into small businesses which has a high risk but have the ability to cause significant growth and gains for the investors and business
88 of 100
Cultural pollution
Where a culture is changed and influenced by other cultures and other locations usually caused by TNCs
89 of 100
The process of renovating urban neighborhoods by the influx of affluent residents
90 of 100
Where students move into an area and accommodation is exclusively for them
91 of 100
Central Business District where most money is concentrated
92 of 100
Where people work hard and are able to progress
93 of 100
soft power
a persuasive approach to international relations, typically involving the use of economic or cultural influence.
94 of 100
special economic zones
areas where business and trade laws are different to incourage businesses to the are to trade
95 of 100
corperation tax
money paid by large businesses
96 of 100
aggregate demand
the total amount of goods and services demanded by an economy
97 of 100
quaternary sector
The sector based on knowledge and skill and indusrty which provides information. Eg. ICT
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a measure of all inputs in contrast to outputs which usually result in technology innovations and improvemnts
99 of 100
internet of things
A network of devices, vehicles and home appliances that contain electronic connectivity which allowes for interaction and the exchange of data
100 of 100

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Emerging developing country IMF classification



Card 3


Lower income and developing country IMF classification


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Card 4


Newly industrialised country (1970 onwards)


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