did the draft led to America's defeat in the Vietnam War?Watch
What the Vietnam did very cleverly was to open up a propaganda front on American and western TV. It showed in graphic pictures the horrendous conditions in Vietnam, the death of both US servicemen and Vietnam civilians and gave the impression the war was unwinnable and would drag on for years.
The draft meant any young male American could be thrown into this hell and a lot of the protests and draft dodging was due to the fact people were being sent to war against their will. A large part of America pulling out of America was because it was very unpopular due to the draft.
If there had not been a draft, there would have been far fewer protests. The American military could have increased voluntary recruitment by increasing the wages of service personnel and add more benefits or even recruit foreigners like both the French and British Armies do now.
I never realised Jane Fonda was a member of the Viet Cong. Please, enlighten me.
America did not loose the military war in Vietnam, they were actually winning and rolling back the Viet Con and the North Vietnamese Army.
Nixon however, was no longer in office by the time the North commenced their invasion of the South in 1975, and the Democratic Party-controlled Congress would not authorise military support and President Ford was not inclined to reignite the conflict.
The failure to support the South Vietnamese in 1975 was a shameful abandonment of an ally whose entire existence relied on our support.
The second is that the news media has not just every right, but a solemn duty to report on what is happening in a conflict. In a democracy, casting your ballot on the basis of a peace or war policy is one of the most important things you can do. To make a decision, you need to be informed.
The policy of "Vietnamization" was well-advanced by 1972 and I think you can only conclude that given Nixon was re-elected in a landslide that year, there was broad support for his policy. Besides, in the end more ground troops had little effect on the conflict.
It was only when Nixon took off the gloves and ordered the air force to bomb the hell out of North Vietnam (including targets they had previously always kept off-limits for fear of killing Soviet military advisors, and also to have further targets that could be held at risk and threatened) that the conflict really started moving towards settlement.
The really crucial year is years after the Americans withdrew, when the North Vietnamese broke the Paris Peace Accords and invaded North Vietnam, and Congress and the President didn't life a finger. I'd encourage you to watch the documentary The Fog of War, which is about Robert McNamara, who was the Secretary of Defense during most of the Johnson Administration and come to the conclusion that their approach to Vietnam was deeply flawed.