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English Lang paper 2

Hiya guys, I’m in major panic mode over paper 2. I don’t feel prepared. I am confident on accents and dialects as well as gender, and I have written 30 marker answers to common questions for language change and diversity (social class) as well as world Englishes, but I am not sure how I’d write an essay for ethnicity or occupation? Anyone have any tips?
Reply 1
it is key to remember that essays do not solely have to be about occupation. say the question was 'evaluate the idea that spoken interaction is dictated by a person's occupation', you should highlight the key words (as with every question). 'evaluate' is key as you can see it is asking for an argument, such as alternative views. the verb 'dictated' is strong and implies that occupation is the only thing that contributes to someones speech but this is clearly false. so the drew and heritage study is a good way to stress the importance that occupation has on language such as the bosses holding more power e.g. a doctor will have specialist knowledge and hold the floor more - I recommend looking into this study more as it is very helpful. however after this paragraph, you could then stress the importance that gender and class has on spoken interactions and conclude that there are many aspects that contribute to someones speech. hope this is helpful
Original post by izzy0440
it is key to remember that essays do not solely have to be about occupation. say the question was 'evaluate the idea that spoken interaction is dictated by a person's occupation', you should highlight the key words (as with every question). 'evaluate' is key as you can see it is asking for an argument, such as alternative views. the verb 'dictated' is strong and implies that occupation is the only thing that contributes to someones speech but this is clearly false. so the drew and heritage study is a good way to stress the importance that occupation has on language such as the bosses holding more power e.g. a doctor will have specialist knowledge and hold the floor more - I recommend looking into this study more as it is very helpful. however after this paragraph, you could then stress the importance that gender and class has on spoken interactions and conclude that there are many aspects that contribute to someones speech. hope this is helpful

Thank you so much, I will go and look at that now!!
Reply 3
for occupation the drew and heritage study is a great thing to bring up and all the features that go along with it such as bosses holding the power. but also remember that if a question is asking you something like 'spoken interaction is dictated by occupation' you could argue an alternative and say that gender and social class tie in as well, as long as you have a paragraph on occupation in particular, then you can have a discussion about the rest and conclude that nothing entirely 'dictates' a persons spoken interaction as there are many aspects. they key thing is to look at the words in the question, after all it tells you to evaluate the statement so that requires an argument.
Original post by izzy0440
for occupation the drew and heritage study is a great thing to bring up and all the features that go along with it such as bosses holding the power. but also remember that if a question is asking you something like 'spoken interaction is dictated by occupation' you could argue an alternative and say that gender and social class tie in as well, as long as you have a paragraph on occupation in particular, then you can have a discussion about the rest and conclude that nothing entirely 'dictates' a persons spoken interaction as there are many aspects. they key thing is to look at the words in the question, after all it tells you to evaluate the statement so that requires an argument.

That’s perfect! So if the question is based off of occupation I can then bring in other factors. Could i then mention age and ethnicity as well as social class and gender? What would you recommend?
Reply 5
Original post by Gabriellabraver
That’s perfect! So if the question is based off of occupation I can then bring in other factors. Could i then mention age and ethnicity as well as social class and gender? What would you recommend?


yes you can bring in any other factor as long as it relates back to the question at the end of the paragraph and you at least mention the one in the question. we didn’t really do ethnicity but it would absolutely work. i did a essay marked by my teacher for the occupation question i mentioned with the structure:
intro - saying it is hard to say which aspect influences language the most as they all work together (this sets up a clear narrative and allows you to bring in the other theories)
para 1 - drew and heritage study and conclude at the end that perhaps someone’s job does affect language but that’s not the only thing, and that this is only in a work scenario.
para 2 - i done bernstein’s restricted and elaborated code to show social class’ effect on language and conclude that socials classes speak differently so occupation is not the prime contributed to someone’s speech, although they both affect it.
para 3 - i focussed on lakoff for gender and the male dominance in society - mentioning the features like hedging for women. so conclude again that gender is a key aspect of someone’s language.
(you can add more points but i find that i run out of time after 3)
conclusion - that occupation isn’t the only thing and there are multiple places and reasons that someone can acquire language and so we cannot pin point one.

the key thing is concluding the end of each paragraph and linking it back to the question to show your evaluation and it helps you lead on to the next point.

that essay got me a B+ and my teacher suggested to include many examples and perhaps even mentioned Sharma - another theorist who mentioned the paint palette metaphor i suggest you check her out. hope that is helpful
Reply 6
Hey, does anyone know how to do question 3. Im so confused on how you link analysis to theories and context. Like how am i supposed to structure it and analyse and include theories. If anyone could help that would be so great. Thanks :smile:
Reply 7
Original post by Meghanmcl
Hey, does anyone know how to do question 3. Im so confused on how you link analysis to theories and context. Like how am i supposed to structure it and analyse and include theories. If anyone could help that would be so great. Thanks :smile:

do you mean the questions where you compare the discourses?
Reply 8
Yes sorry thats what i mean
Reply 9
Original post by Meghanmcl
Yes sorry thats what i mean

well if it is to do with language change I like to see if there is a prescriptivist/descriptivist distinction between the 2 texts and include that in the introduction as it sets out a clear difference between the two. then from this I can pick out some features that may link with their attitude. so for example if a text is describing the English language as 'pure' or has adjectives related to royalty or something, then you can pick out these adjectives and say it presents like a semantic field of proudness for the language showing the writer is passionate about maintaining the 'amazing' English language. then you can contrast this with the other text (if it is descriptivist) depending on what they say. say the text was on spelling reform and they purposely spelt things wrong you can argue the colloquial stand point and that the misspelling of words proves that we still know what is meant. it is hard to explain without an example text to show anything. im pretty sure that individual theories are not needed as it is based on your ability to analyse texts. so for an accent and dialect question you may not need to mention kerswill as such, just the aspect of dialect levelling and the writers attitude (if that it is what it is about). basically treat it as a regular compare and contrast question but instead of meanings and representations, its the view of the writer and HOW they present this view (i.e. features). sorry very long and confusing I may have confused you more haha.
Reply 10
Original post by izzy0440
well if it is to do with language change I like to see if there is a prescriptivist/descriptivist distinction between the 2 texts and include that in the introduction as it sets out a clear difference between the two. then from this I can pick out some features that may link with their attitude. so for example if a text is describing the English language as 'pure' or has adjectives related to royalty or something, then you can pick out these adjectives and say it presents like a semantic field of proudness for the language showing the writer is passionate about maintaining the 'amazing' English language. then you can contrast this with the other text (if it is descriptivist) depending on what they say. say the text was on spelling reform and they purposely spelt things wrong you can argue the colloquial stand point and that the misspelling of words proves that we still know what is meant. it is hard to explain without an example text to show anything. im pretty sure that individual theories are not needed as it is based on your ability to analyse texts. so for an accent and dialect question you may not need to mention kerswill as such, just the aspect of dialect levelling and the writers attitude (if that it is what it is about). basically treat it as a regular compare and contrast question but instead of meanings and representations, its the view of the writer and HOW they present this view (i.e. features). sorry very long and confusing I may have confused you more haha.


Thanks so much. That’s really helpful !! Good luck for tomorrow
Original post by Meghanmcl
Hey, does anyone know how to do question 3. Im so confused on how you link analysis to theories and context. Like how am i supposed to structure it and analyse and include theories. If anyone could help that would be so great. Thanks :smile:

For question 3 you don’t have to include theorists, that’s only for question 4 when you write your own article. Whatever q3 is based off (say gender) bring in theorists like lakoff and Zimmerman and west, Jennifer coats, obar and Atkinson and Jennifer Hyde) cover all the models (deficit, dominance, difference, diversity) question 3, just pick out language they used, compare it and create similarities and differences

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