Revision:Past tenses french

The Perfect tense/The Passee Composee translates to either "one [i]did[/i]" or "one [i]has done[/i]" something. It is formed with the present tense of "avoir" and a past participle of the verb. The exceptions are from MRS. VANDERTRAMP which take the present tense of "être" and a past participle which must agree with the verb.

Past Tenses

To form the perfect tense, one needs the present tense of avoir or etre:

Avoir   Etre
j'ai   je suis
tu as   tu es
il/elle a   il/elle est
nous avons   nous sommes
vous avez   vous êtes
ils/elles ont   ils/elles sont

Then the infinitive of a verb is taken, the "er", "ir" or "re" ending is removed and replaced with the following:

-er: é
-ir: i
-re: u

Examples: Manger: To eat -> J'ai mangé (I ate) Finir: To finish -> Il a fini (He finished) Vendre: To sell -> Nous avons vendu (We sold)

 

Verbs taking être in the passé composé
Devenir To become  
Revenir To come back  
Mourir To die  
Rentrer To re-enter or go home  
Sortir* To go out  
Partir To leave  
Venir To come  
Aller To go  
Naître To be born (active in French as opposed to the English passive)  
Descendre* To go/take down  
Entrer To enter  
Retourner To return  
Tomber To fall  
Rester To stay  
Arriver To arrive  
Monter To go up, get on  
Passer (par) To pass (by)  

Including all pronominal/reflexive verbs such as se detendre, se laver etc.

NOTE: when using etre, this verb implies movement, one therefore adds:

-er: é
-ir: i
-re: u

add:

-e with je if you are a girl, or with elle
-es with elles
-s with nous, vous, ils.

 

Examples

j'ai mangé je suis allé(e)
tu as mangé tu es allé(e)
il a mangé il/elle est allé/allée
nous avons mangé nous sommes allé(e)s
vous avez mangé vous êtes allé(e)s
ils ont mangé ils/elles sont allés/allées

Verbs of movement

aller - to go
venir - to come
descendre - to go up
monter - to go down

 

Irregular verbs

prendre - pris
mettre - mis
rire - rit