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    Had to make a thread for the ICT exam
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    HI could I get a hold of the Q's too! Im resitting the exam and have not even looked at my notes since last year.. worried thanks
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    Can someone give me a rough idea on what they think might come up!
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    how many revision have you guys done? Ive done a bit but I need to smash normalisation and a few bits and pieces and I am ok
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    Does anyone know what sort of questions that will come up I hate ICT and don't like the look of our exam really don't want to do it
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    Anyone have the June 2014 paper?
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    Anyone know where I can find the answers to question 4?
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    (Original post by Steve Mcweeney)
    Here you go. Always happy to help.
    Thank you. If possible could i also have the mark scheme?
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    11 mark sample answers please?
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    (Original post by leafy786)
    11 mark sample answers please?
    Hey yeah seen you struggling with 11 markers I had the problem last year (We were never taught it!) And I got a U but now Im super confident and I find it a lot easier.

    What you need to do:

    Do a lot of research on future and current developments Ict

    Current developments/Future developments on:

    Society,Organisations,Individual s

    Future developments in Ict

    Transport- Route planning,GPS,Automatic driving systems,computer technology to judge distances

    Medicine- 3d imaging,diagnostics,remote surger,new equipment

    Disabled- Hardware to allow access to ict as other and removal of prejudice with communication via the internet. internet shopping and virtual shopping centres.

    Education-Admininastrion as well as teaching tools

    Entertainment and communication- portable devices, immersion technology,multi-sensory approach's ( for example, sound, light and movement in chairs.

    Marketing and shopping-internet shopping, data mining to identify purchasing trends and new methods of advertising.

    My answers (Don't know how much there worth but about 9/10 marks)

    Discuss impacts on organisation with communication (A2)

    Firstly It is important for the business to communicate because employees within the salonneed to be informed as it could leave them demotivated as they need to beconsulted within the process and need to be felt valued and the impact of thatis that it may lead to productivity issues and the disruption to work if achange goes through without telling anyone, the consequence is potentially thatemployees may leave the business as they do not feel valued at the company.

    However if they are consulted early then it may make the workforce unsettled as they will worry about about redundancies as they will notget all the details which do not come out till the change is going to be implemented, the impact is that this will cause unsettlement in the workforce.

    Secondly if employee’sopinions are taken on board then it will motivate them and the impact is that it makes the transition from the old system to new system easier as their ideascan be considered to keep everyone happy with the change as the workforce needto have an opinion on this and through communication the business can know theviews on the change and cater to everyone, the consequence is that with different changes they will have some input in the decision which makes themfeel a part of the company. constant communication between the business and employees will make the employees less resistant to change, people generally dont like change within the business and businesses must adapt to change so theimpact is that the employees will know about it and if they are convinced then they will support the change and the consequence would be that they will feel valued and be motivated to work under the change which may boost productivity.
    However if the employees opinions are ignored then it could anger the workforce if thebusiness has to consider all the opinions and some people will not get heard,the impact is that the employees may feel ignored by the company and willdemotivate them as they do not feel valued and the consequence is that it couldlead to a lot of resistance in change as the workforce may have clashing viewsand the business has to cater for each one.

    Overall I believe That Communication is very important andconsultation is the key factor as if the salon continue to communicate withstaff about change then they will have an accurate picture of it and it stopsrumours within the salon from spreading and if they can cater to everybody’sopinions then the workforce will feel like they were involved which leads toless resistance. Communication allows the salon to build trust as the employeesknow that the business isn’t hiding anything away from them.

    Future developments on ICT(Shopping) for a salon :

    NFC is a new technology which allows a device to sendinformation from within the device over a reader without the need of aconnection, This is a versatile way of shopping for the customers and allowsthe salon to make transitions easier and quicker for customers this means thatthrough getting money quicker for the business then the salon can pay off itscosts quicker while satisfying the customers, the consequence of the technologyis that it will change the way the salon is run as with NFC payments of treatment sit can be done within seconds reducing queues and eliminates the queues whichsave time.

    However the Issue with NFC is security as with more technological advancements hackers will have bigger tools as mobile technology are becoming handheld computers and despite encryption hackers may acquire orlearn new techniques in cracking the encryption the impact is that the customerdetails may be accessed by someone else which leads to identity fraud and theconsequence is that the salon would have to spend a lot of money on securing itas the business details could be accessed as will which could be vital data andwith the user it is there responsibility in making sure pin codes and securityon the device is good enough to withstand attacks.

    Technologies like holograms can be used to show the outcome of the treatment so then the salon and the customer will see what the operationwill do and this means that customers will be satisfied as when they go for atreatment they will know how it will affect there aesthetic look theconsequence of this is that the customer can see whether the treatment isviable or not for them and it can change the salon in terms of how it is run aswith new technologies and new services they can train there staff using theholograms and they will get an idea of what the end result would be of that newtreatment allowing the business to expand its services it offers.

    The issue with holograms is that is a highly expensivetechnology to implement at the moment and when it becomes a mainstreamtechnology it may be more affordable however it will be an expensive technologywhich won’t capture advance movements this means that the salon would have to weigh up to implement the technology the consequence is that if the hologramsare used for training for new techniques then the hologram will not capture advanced movements and the employees may get the techniques wrongor the company will have to train them. The technology requires more years of research before it is available.

    Overall I believe Hardware and software developments willchange the way the business run in a positive way as with NFC and hologramsthey will make it easier to enhance their customer service and despite theircosts to implement they will be more positive in how it will be run however with NFC and holograms theyare still developing so it is possible in the future that these technologieswill eliminate the downsides of the security and cost implications of them toimplement.

    You need to do benefits and limitations of each technologies with impacts and consequences (OCR do It weird Consequences are basically expanding on the impact)
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    Normalisation is definitely coming up. Would we have to break up tables from 0NF into 1NF and/or identify the Normal form in each table?
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    Love this exam. If you learn your stuff it is easy and I think the boundaries are always quite generous. Based on last years UMS and my coursework I can score fairly low and still get an A.

    For the eleven marker just do some research on the areas they list in the specification. As long as you have something to talk about getting in band 2 isn't too difficult.
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    (Original post by S345k)
    Hey yeah seen you struggling with 11 markers I had the problem last year (We were never taught it!) And I got a U but now Im super confident and I find it a lot easier.

    What you need to do:

    Do a lot of research on future and current developments Ict

    Current developments/Future developments on:

    Society,Organisations,Individual s

    Future developments in Ict

    Transport- Route planning,GPS,Automatic driving systems,computer technology to judge distances

    Medicine- 3d imaging,diagnostics,remote surger,new equipment

    Disabled- Hardware to allow access to ict as other and removal of prejudice with communication via the internet. internet shopping and virtual shopping centres.

    Education-Admininastrion as well as teaching tools

    Entertainment and communication- portable devices, immersion technology,multi-sensory approach's ( for example, sound, light and movement in chairs.

    Marketing and shopping-internet shopping, data mining to identify purchasing trends and new methods of advertising.

    My answers (Don't know how much there worth but about 9/10 marks)

    Discuss impacts on organisation with communication (A2)

    Firstly It is important for the business to communicate because employees within the salonneed to be informed as it could leave them demotivated as they need to beconsulted within the process and need to be felt valued and the impact of thatis that it may lead to productivity issues and the disruption to work if achange goes through without telling anyone, the consequence is potentially thatemployees may leave the business as they do not feel valued at the company.

    However if they are consulted early then it may make the workforce unsettled as they will worry about about redundancies as they will notget all the details which do not come out till the change is going to be implemented, the impact is that this will cause unsettlement in the workforce.

    Secondly if employee’sopinions are taken on board then it will motivate them and the impact is that it makes the transition from the old system to new system easier as their ideascan be considered to keep everyone happy with the change as the workforce needto have an opinion on this and through communication the business can know theviews on the change and cater to everyone, the consequence is that with different changes they will have some input in the decision which makes themfeel a part of the company. constant communication between the business and employees will make the employees less resistant to change, people generally dont like change within the business and businesses must adapt to change so theimpact is that the employees will know about it and if they are convinced then they will support the change and the consequence would be that they will feel valued and be motivated to work under the change which may boost productivity.
    However if the employees opinions are ignored then it could anger the workforce if thebusiness has to consider all the opinions and some people will not get heard,the impact is that the employees may feel ignored by the company and willdemotivate them as they do not feel valued and the consequence is that it couldlead to a lot of resistance in change as the workforce may have clashing viewsand the business has to cater for each one.

    Overall I believe That Communication is very important andconsultation is the key factor as if the salon continue to communicate withstaff about change then they will have an accurate picture of it and it stopsrumours within the salon from spreading and if they can cater to everybody’sopinions then the workforce will feel like they were involved which leads toless resistance. Communication allows the salon to build trust as the employeesknow that the business isn’t hiding anything away from them.

    Future developments on ICT(Shopping) for a salon :

    NFC is a new technology which allows a device to sendinformation from within the device over a reader without the need of aconnection, This is a versatile way of shopping for the customers and allowsthe salon to make transitions easier and quicker for customers this means thatthrough getting money quicker for the business then the salon can pay off itscosts quicker while satisfying the customers, the consequence of the technologyis that it will change the way the salon is run as with NFC payments of treatment sit can be done within seconds reducing queues and eliminates the queues whichsave time.

    However the Issue with NFC is security as with more technological advancements hackers will have bigger tools as mobile technology are becoming handheld computers and despite encryption hackers may acquire orlearn new techniques in cracking the encryption the impact is that the customerdetails may be accessed by someone else which leads to identity fraud and theconsequence is that the salon would have to spend a lot of money on securing itas the business details could be accessed as will which could be vital data andwith the user it is there responsibility in making sure pin codes and securityon the device is good enough to withstand attacks.

    Technologies like holograms can be used to show the outcome of the treatment so then the salon and the customer will see what the operationwill do and this means that customers will be satisfied as when they go for atreatment they will know how it will affect there aesthetic look theconsequence of this is that the customer can see whether the treatment isviable or not for them and it can change the salon in terms of how it is run aswith new technologies and new services they can train there staff using theholograms and they will get an idea of what the end result would be of that newtreatment allowing the business to expand its services it offers.

    The issue with holograms is that is a highly expensivetechnology to implement at the moment and when it becomes a mainstreamtechnology it may be more affordable however it will be an expensive technologywhich won’t capture advance movements this means that the salon would have to weigh up to implement the technology the consequence is that if the hologramsare used for training for new techniques then the hologram will not capture advanced movements and the employees may get the techniques wrongor the company will have to train them. The technology requires more years of research before it is available.

    Overall I believe Hardware and software developments willchange the way the business run in a positive way as with NFC and hologramsthey will make it easier to enhance their customer service and despite theircosts to implement they will be more positive in how it will be run however with NFC and holograms theyare still developing so it is possible in the future that these technologieswill eliminate the downsides of the security and cost implications of them toimplement.

    You need to do benefits and limitations of each technologies with impacts and consequences (OCR do It weird Consequences are basically expanding on the impact)
    Which papers are these answers for?
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    (Original post by Tree321)
    Which papers are these answers for?
    Jan 2012 G063 Paper last two questions, The 11 markers they ask in A2 is similar to the ones in AS
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    My teachers thinks 2 essays are going to come up on this paper seeing as the last time they did 2 essays was June 2012, I hate writing them.
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    (Original post by Ormitta)
    My teachers thinks 2 essays are going to come up on this paper seeing as the last time they did 2 essays was June 2012, I hate writing them.
    Personally I love the essays, and the essay is 22 easy marks to get all you got to do is plan because the timing is nice
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    AS predictions-

    Information
    Data sources
    Static data and dynamic
    Validation
    Characteristics of applications
    Adv/Disadvantages of tailoring
    Consistent house style
    Masters,style sheets,templates
    Modelling software characteristics
    spreadsheets for simulations
    Releational database terminology
    Identify database features and ERD
    Characteristics of normal forms
    Select data tyoes
    Clipart and thumb nails
    Graphic libraries
    Non linear and hierachical presentation
    Impact of ICT,Future developments and Ict laws-
    There will almost definitely be on discuss question and a big explain question using 3.1.6.a, b or c- if in section a, its unlikely to be about social networks,internet or cmmunicating with customers, there will almost definitely be a question about law (REVISE THE LAWS ITS VITAL) even if its not a discuss question. Expect ECA and FOIA as these havent been tested yet
    Advantages and disadvantages of professional bodies
    Safety problems
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    (Original post by Ormitta)
    My teachers thinks 2 essays are going to come up on this paper seeing as the last time they did 2 essays was June 2012, I hate writing them.
    I think a law question on the impact of ICT
    and a question on future developments about society,organisations
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    (Original post by S345k)
    I think a law question on the impact of ICT
    and a question on future developments about society,organisations
    I dont know any of the laws can someone please explain them to me and what i need to know and how are you supposed to write a 11 marker on them
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    (Original post by K3lvin)
    I dont know any of the laws can someone please explain them to me and what i need to know and how are you supposed to write a 11 marker on them
    Acts Leadingto Data SecurityThe Data Protection Act
    • There are eight principles under the act:
    • What rights do the public have?
    • What are the problems with enforcing DPA to the individual?
      Lists can be sold by other organisations which means individual may not request for them to direct market but other companies may have your details
      Damage and distress hard to prove- has to be related to the use of information
      Difficult to know which companies have information about you, have to request and send money but they may not have it
    Exemptions from the act:
    • It does not apply to payroll, pensions and accounts data.
    • Data held for recreational use/ leisure it is exempt from the act (e.g. address books, Christmas card lists).
    Exemptions for specialcategories:
    • In connection with national security.
    • Prevention of crime.
    • Collection of tax or duty.
    Computer Crime and the LawComputer Crime and Malpractice:

    As IT has spread, so has computer crime and abuse. The internet is used by innocent members of the public butalso by fraudulent traders, paedophiles, software pirates, hackers andterrorists. Activities might include planting computer viruses, storing pornographic images, carrying out all sorts of crimes, from credit card fraud to complex multinational money laundering. Computer crime involves illegal activity.Computer malpractice, in law, means professional negligence whenproviding computer related services. If you provide a service to somebody, youhave a legal responsibility to exercise reasonable care in providing theservice. For example, as a data back up service you would have to takereasonable care to back up the right data and keep it safe. Another example isin software development: If software is not properly tested, the company may beguilty of malpractice.The term is also used to describenegligent behaviour by employees relating to their use of computers. Forexample, not keeping a password secure, not sticking to company procedures,sending offensive emails, reading confidential mail and leaving computerslogged on and unattended. Hacking This is getting unauthorisedaccess to data held on a computer system. The extent to which this happens isvery difficult to monitor and is often found out by accident. Fraud on the InternetThe most common form takes placebetween traders. It appears to be legitimate in the purchasing of goods. For example:
    • While trader might say they work for a particular company, like “Curry’s”, they may be unconnected with them. They could then take orders for goods and never deliver them.
    • When buying software, you pay money and expect to be able to download the software. The seller takes the money and the software arrives either scrambled or not at all.
    Shopping on the internet has enhanced computer crime. Criminals set up a good looking website; offer goods well below high street prices, the buyer will then input their personal details, often along with bank details. They will then be told their card cannot be processed. The criminals will then keep the card data and use it fraudulently. Security set up by retailers actually costs millions of pounds per year encryption software etc.) Encryption is done by a piece of software, which changes normal words into code that can only be deciphered using specialist software. VirusesA virus is a piece of software which affects a computer in a negative way. It is developed with a definite intention to cause damage to computer files or at least cause inconvenience or annoyance. Viruses are usually found as thefirst few instructions of a particular program on an infected disk or rely on a user choosing to execute the aforementioned program. So when executed, the virus is the first set of instructions to be performed. One of its first actions is to copy itself onto the computer and “hide” within obscure files,the operating system code or in unused disk blocks which are then marked as being “bad” and unavailable for use.
    Computers and Data Storing and processing information by computers has brought many advantages for organisations. Forexample:
    • Lots more data can be stored in a smaller space than with manual systems.
    • It is much quicker to search through data to find the information required.
    • Cross referencing is fairly easy in comparison (linking together pieces of information which are stored separately).
    • Databases held by different organisations can be linked together by a computer network.
    • Databases can be accessed from anywhere in the world.
    • The security of data can be better protected as long as high levels of access are protected.
    • Back up of data is much easier (but must be in a secure environment).
    Data Misuse It is much easier for people to misuse data stored using a computer system than using a manual system because:
    • Data can be copied quickly and easily, making it easy to steal information.
    • Data can be modified or deleted without leaving any physical evidence.
    • Data can be accessed from a remote location, e.g. by a network, which means a data thief does not need to break into a building in order to access the data.
    Software Piracy Software is protected by copyright. The law says nobody is allowed to make a copy of software without permission. When we buy a piece of software, all we buy is a license to use it.We do not buy the actual software. This is because the copyright is protecting someone’s idea. Nobody can make, distribute or use copies of the work without the permission of the copyright holder. If you copy a computer program or supply an unauthorised copy for someone else without this permission you have broken the law. You could face criminal proceedings.

    Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (2000) (The Snoopers’ Charter)It was introduced due toconcerned regarding the use and misuse of communication interception techniques by public and private organisations. The act allows for the lawful interception of postal, telecommunications and digital communications. The act also makes it a criminal offense to monitor these communications without lawful authority.

    Electronic Communications Act (2000)The legislation is in two mainparts:
    • Cryptography service provided: This allows the government to set up a register of approved cryptography services.
    • Facilitation of electronic commerce data storage: This recognises digital signatures which are now admissible in law.
    There is a lot of conflict about digital signatures and some bodies still do not accept them as legal, though they actually are.
    Benefits: Contracts that are signed over the internet have the same legality as those signed by hand.
    Problems: It will take time before many bodies will accept these digital signatures. Buying and selling a house and wills are examples of two areas where it will take time for this to become acceptable.

    Freedom of Information Act (2000)This came into force at the beginning of 2005. It deals with access to official information where it is possible to find out details of any topic from any public authority. The actapplies to all public authorities.The act allows anyone to make a request, with no restrictions on age. To gain access, you must write to the authority, make a request and they have twenty working days to comply.

    Benefits: The main benefit is that information that did not used tobe accessible to the general public is now available. This increases accountability. The government can not make public decisions and hide them asthe information is available to those who request it.
    Problems: It is possible to ask for any information at all, butthis does not necessarily mean that you will receive it. Some information maybe withheld in order to protect various interests as it may come under someother exemptions.
    Learn all of that and you will be fine
 
 
 

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