OFQUAL is guilty of race discrimination under the 2010 Equality Act by allowing Wales and Northern Ireland to have lower grade boundaries than England. It makes a mockery of the exam system, when English students achieving the same exam mark as a Welsh student were awarded up to 2 grades less in their A level assigned grade. It is pure discrimination based on nationality, which is illegal. I would urge everyone to contact OFQUAL and lodge a direct complaint, and also to lodge a complaint with EHRC (the Equality and Human Rights Commission). Both forms are available online and are quick and easy to fill out. The EHRC stepped in and made OFQUAL change all the grades retrospectively in 2020 for a similar reason and the same should happen again this year. It makes a total mockery of the exam system - Welsh, NI and English students all compete for the same university places and the same jobs. This discrimination will materially impact English students for the rest of their lives on many levels including financially and mentally. It is illegal, and for a good reason. Imagine if grades were awarded based on colour, or gender? No one would stand for it. Awarding grades based on nationality is no different.