An analysis of the factors that led to the creation of the NHS.

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Bubbleuk
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I have to design a poster on the history of the national health service and I'm stuck on what to write regarding the factors that led to the creation of the NHS. What healthcare was like before 1948. need help, please
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dettydettypig
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it was inaccessible to those in extreme poverty
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dettydettypig
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it came around after the war when labour gained more power and people believed in a more equal society where people should support each other no matter what their social class was.
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nexttime
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You could maybe look up how healthcare worked during WWII? Were civilians left to die if their house was bombed? Something else?
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Watso82
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On the 5th July 1948 a historic moment occurred and health care became accessible for all, not just those who could afford it, and the NHS was born. Its birth was the product of labour amongst those who felt the healthcare service insufficient especially for the poor. This idea can be traced back to the early 1900’s when socialist Beatrice Webb wrote a report regarding the poor laws. Benjamin Moore, a Liverpool physician had a pioneering vision he wrote “The Dawn of the Health Age” in which he used the term National Health service. Some years later his ideas featured in the Beveridge Plan for the NHS. By the Second World War, the London Council was running the largest public service of its kind for healthcare. The wartime period necessitated the Emergency Hospital Service, making these services dependent on the government. By 1941, the Ministry of Health was in the process of agreeing a post-war health policy with the aim that services would be available to the entire general public. By 1941, the Ministry of Health was in the process of agreeing a post-war health policy with the aim that services would be available to the entire general public, soldiers returning wounded from battle added to a growing social hunger for change. William Beveridge’s Report for “comprehensive health and rehabilitation services” was supported across the House of Commons by all parties. These ideas were taken on by the next Health Minister Aneurin Bevan.
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barnetlad
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I understand there was a limited form of health support for those on a low income. Not sure of the details though.
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Watso82
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Spoiler:
Show

Edwin Chadwick 1834 Poor Law
Amendment
The Lunacy Act 1845 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of
Shaftesbury
Edwin Chadwick's report led to the Public Health Act 1848.
Florence Nightingale Training school for Nurses in 1860
Mary Seacole

1875 Public Health Act.
Married Women's Property Act 1882

  • The Trades Dispute Act (1906)
  • The Workmen's Compensation Act (1906)
  • The Children's Charter (1907)
  • The Coal Mines Act (1908)
  • Old Age Pension Act (1908)




  • Labour Exchanges Act (1909)
  • The Shops Act (1911)
  • The Parliament Act (1911) that ensured MPs could be paid a salary. This meant that working men could, for the first time, afford to take office as MPs.



General practice covered workers under Lloyd George’s National Insurance Act of 1911, but not their wives and families.





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Watso82
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1920’s The introduction of motorised ambulances , 1914-1918 war encouraged the transfer of serious cases.
1923 – The Nursing Act of 1919
1918 Representation of the People Act meant working class men many of whom fought in the Great War, could now vote.
women did finally get the vote on the same terms as men in 1928
1930 Poor Law Act.

The Mental Treatment Act 1930
1940, WW11, Labour Conservative coalition .
Sir William Beveridge, 1942
Education Act 1944, provided health care to children in schools.
Labour 1945 manifesto called for tremendous overhaul.
the National Insurance Act 1945

The National Insurance - Injuries at Work Act 1946
the National Assistance Act 1948
These types of new laws, followed by the National Health Service Act 1948, rang the changes that had already been partially set in place and enabled more people to access healthcare.
Jan 3rd 1948 bevan pledged free health care available to all.
Strengthened by the public feeling, he went over the head of the BMA. Immunisation advertisement encouraged parents to sign up for NHS health services in order to immunise their children against such avoidable disease. Within a month 90 % of the population had signed up and chosen a doctor forcing all doctors to jump on board as private practice virtually disappeared.
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Watso82
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what i want to know is how the introduction of market forces have attempted to make more effective use of funding.:-/ how to use powerpoint and how to fit all this on a poster in 800 to 2000 words :-/ lol good luck
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burrows7872
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(Original post by Watso82)
what i want to know is how the introduction of market forces have attempted to make more effective use of funding.:-/ how to use powerpoint and how to fit all this on a poster in 800 to 2000 words :-/ lol good luck
I have used word for mine as PowerPoint documents don't seem to upload to my assessor. And I have made the page layout custom to the maximum width and length making the page much larger than A4.
However, I'm completely lost with the whole market forces part so if you have any insight into how to go about this, that would be great!
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