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GCSE- OCR History British Depth Study 1890-1918 watch

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    Hey guys

    THE KEY SPECIFICATION QUESTIONS
    1. What were the working and living conditions for the poor like in the 1890s?
    2. How were social reformers reacting to the social problems of the 1890s?
    3. Why did the liberal government introduce reforms to help the young,old and unemployed?
    4. How effective were these reforms?
    5. What was the social,political and legal position of women in the 1890s?
    6. What were the arguments for and against female suffreage?
    7. How effective were the activities of the suffragists and the suffragettes?
    8. How did women contribute to the War effort?
    9. How effective was government propaganda during the war?
    10. Why were some women given the vote in 1918?
    11. What was the attitude of the British people at the end of the war towards Germany and the Paris peace conference?


    Time line:
    1890
    • During this century Britain was transformed Due to the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.=Factories + towns developed at an unprecedented rate, attracting more people who were eager to have a taste of the prosperity and richness Britain was accumulating through her empire.
    • However,with prosperity comes problems...By more people coming to the towns like London and York;lead to appalling housing which had cramped conditions where diseases like cholera could spread.This contributed to the national problem with poverty and strengthened the factor of national efficiency which partly lead to the liberal reforms.
    • The government interfered little and relied heavily on charities and the Poor law of 1834(Work house for poor people=key feature of this law) to help the poor.People in the government and many other British People thought poverty was due to idleness and spending money on non essential goods like alcohol.
    • Women= economically dependent on men. Men could imprison his wife in their own home until 1891 and the main attitude was that women seemed to belong to men. Around 10% of women where in paid employment. However,attitudes saw some progress with middle class couples using contraception and the 1882 law allowed women to keep their own property and income once they were married

    1890-1906 why did the reforms take place.

    • Booth and Rowntree-Firstly, i would like to outline the importance of Booth and Rowntree which is illustrated in my second post on this thread;where they made the issue of poverty,public and caused national sympathy for those less fortunate.
    • The German model- Otto Von Bismarck ( German chancellor) till 1890s, passed a series of measures to help the unfortunate in Germany, which inspired the liberals to introduce the reforms; along with Germany's military and economic strength.
    • National efficiency and the Boer war- By 1899 Britian was at war with the boers in south Africa. When the men volunteered , about 40% (almost half) were unfit for service due to their poor physical condition, which was a result of extreme poverty.At this point Britian was starting to lose its crown as the leading world super power.This raised questions in the minds of politicians whether, Britian could be able to reassert it's self as the leading super power, when it had a population that is too weak to fight or work efficiently...Something had to be done.
    • Labour(popular socialism)- at this point a new party came along- labour party. This party was winning popularity from the working classes which were entitled to the vote by by this stage .They attracted support through their promises of unemployment benefits and old age pensions.Also in the 1906 election labour won more seats in parliament. Inorder to retain votes from the working class, the liberals had to introduce measures, to help them.
    • New liberalism-By 1906 there were new liberals like Herbert Asquith, David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill, who argued that there were circumstances in which the state could intervene
    • There is a little video that explains it better than me.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oD8nz_SnnE



    There is some background to get you started

    Info on WW1- courtesy of AparnaX

    Spoiler:
    Show
    That's because the specification changed isn't it? And also june 2009 was recruitment where as jan 2010 was government propaganda. They're both under the Home Front but slightly different.

    However, just in case, I think learn these facts:


    • Britain's army originally consisted of 250,000 men.
    • Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State of War, was informed at least 1 million were needed so there was a huge government campaign to get young men to enlist.
    • Recruitment posters, pamphlets, patriotic speeches by politicians, and the setting up of recruitment offices in every town helped drive this campaign.
    • By the end of the first month 500,000 men enlisted, and by March 1916 2.6 million men had enlisted in 'Kitchener's army'. This showed the effectiveness of government propaganda.
    • Men joined up in 'Pals Battalions'.
    • They enlisted because they felt it was their duty to the nation, they wanted to protect their country and family, they were persuaded by recruitment posters, they didn't want to be seen as cowards and generally public pressure (suffragettes went round giving men white feathers as a sign of cowardice for not enlisting), they felt war would be exciting and adventurous, and they wanted to escape from their mundane life or dead-end jobs
    • 750,000 men died in the war and many were mentally scarred. As casualties increased, replacement was needed but volunteer numbers dropped.
    • Volunteer system was seen as unfair and it damaged agriculture and industries as miners and farmers joined. So in January 1916 conscription was introduced, meaning all single men between 18 and 41 had to join the army (later extended to married men) This may be seen as evidence that gov. propaganda wasn't effective.
    • Conscientious objectors were people who didn't believe in war for moral, religious or political reasons and didn't want to fight. They were seen as unpatriotic and cowardly, evident by their derisive nickname 'conchies'.
    • They had to appear in front of a tribunal to prove their reasons were genuine and not out of cowardice.
    • If they convinced the tribunal they had to participate in non combat activities such as driving ambulances and essential war work e.g. mining. If they didn't do this they could be imprisoned and 1,500 objectors were imprisoned.
    • If they didn't convince the tribunal, they had to join the army. If they didn't they could be shot



    I think thats it for recruitment. There are also civilian casualties if you want to learn those facts:


    • Total casualties due to air raids = nearly 5,000 (I know the numbers below don't add up to this but its because I haven't mentioned all the raids etc)
    • December 1914, German battleships shelled towns such as Scarborough and Whitby killing over 100 people.
    • January 1915, first air raids by German Zeppelin airships. Dropped bombs on East Anglian towns. There were over 50 raids killing over 500 people.
    • 1917 German Gotha bombers made nearly 30 raids killing over 800 people.



    And then there's government propaganda and DORA you need to know but you can do that yourself :P Btw, I didn't just know all these facts, I did have to refer to my textbook. Hope this helps


    Votes for women pod cast

    http://www.mrallsophistory.com/revis...t-to-vote.html
    Some skills you may need for the exam- starts from page 9.
    http://www.ocr.org.uk/Images/73037-t...s-handbook.pdf

    Link to some papers
    http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications...117-from-2009/



    I will be updating my thread over the coming days and feel free to add any thing to my time line.
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    CHARLES BOOTH AND SEEBOHM ROWNTREE

    Thier studies and books made the public more sympathetic to the problem of poverty.Booth did a study in London where he published a book called the life and labour of the people in London.Discovering that about a third of the people in the area he had studied, had an income of less than £1 a week.Where as, Rowntree published seventeen volumes on the poor people of York and discovered that illness,old age,large families, unemployment and low wages were the main causes of poverty:not idleness.
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    LOOKS AMAZING! I'm going to have a read when I get a chance, subscribed
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    Thanks for making this!

    It's really useful. Look forward to seeing it completed.
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    (Original post by Quantaˌ)
    Thanks for making this!

    It's really useful. Look forward to seeing it completed.
    (Original post by IHTWFR)
    LOOKS AMAZING! I'm going to have a read when I get a chance, subscribed
    NP,just remember i will be posting up my predictions for the exam on the 10th- soon
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    (Original post by theslowbaker)
    NP,just remember i will be posting up my predictions for the exam on the 10th- soon
    Also, please finish the timeline and notes since it will be useful when I start revising over the weekend. Nearer the exam, I'll try to organise a Q&A session or a quiz since a lot of people are doing this exam...
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    (Original post by Quantaˌ)
    Also, please finish the timeline and notes since it will be useful when I start revising over the weekend. Nearer the exam, I'll try to organise a Q&A session or a quiz since a lot of people are doing this exam...
    I'll try but it will take some time.
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    (Original post by theslowbaker)
    I'll try but it will take some time.
    No problem. Take your time. It'll be really helpful to everyone doing the exam...
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    Jan 2010 -WW1
    June 2010-liberal reforms
    Jan 2011-votes for women
    June 2011-WW1
    Jan 2012- votes for women
    June 2012-liberal reforms
    Jan 2013-WW1

    It is likely that either votes for women or liberal reforms may come up but for some reason I have a hunch that it might be liberal reforms but am not 100% sure.
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    (Original post by theslowbaker)
    Jan 2010 -WW1
    June 2010-liberal reforms
    Jan 2011-votes for women
    June 2011-WW1
    Jan 2012- votes for women
    June 2012-liberal reforms
    Jan 2013-WW1

    It is likely that either votes for women or liberal reforms may come up but for some reason I have a hunch that it might be liberal reforms but am not 100% sure.
    I did the same this morning:

    June 2013:
    Jan 2013: Homefront 1
    June 2012: Liberal Reforms2
    Jan 2012: Suffragettes 3
    June 2011: Homefront 1
    Jan 2011: Suffragettes 3
    Jun 2010: Liberal Reforms 2
    Jan 2010: Homefront 1


    I HAVE such a strong feeling they could go with Liberal Reforms (more likely) but they may want to change it and do the Suffragettes. Looking at the pattern, Liberal Reforms and Suffragettes are next but I'm rooting for Liberal Reforms...
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    Hey guys, i did this for my gcse history last year

    This is my resource on the liberal reforms, you may find it useful and good luck

    http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/liberal_reforms20
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    (Original post by AKKaur)
    Hey guys, i did this for my gcse history last year

    This is my resource on the liberal reforms, you may find it useful and good luck

    http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/liberal_reforms20
    Thanks! I'll have a look at it later...

    Out of interest, what did you get for the paper? And how did you find it?
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    (Original post by Quantaˌ)
    Thanks! I'll have a look at it later...

    Out of interest, what did you get for the paper? And how did you find it?
    Okie dokie!

    I got an A and from what i can remember it was an alright paper, it was just over a year ago now haha. A big tip i would give you is to remember even if you don't identify the real message of the source you can easily get marks for backing up your interpretation and annotate everything! I just did an A Level history source paper and i still remember these points from gcse

    I think this is such an interesting period to study particularly the part of the suffragettes and suffragists!
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    (Original post by AKKaur)
    Okie dokie!

    I got an A and from what i can remember it was an alright paper, it was just over a year ago now haha. A big tip i would give you is to remember even if you don't identify the real message of the source you can easily get marks for backing up your interpretation and annotate everything! I just did an A Level history source paper and i still remember these points from gcse

    I think this is such an interesting period to study particularly the part of the suffragettes and suffragists!
    Thanks for the advice. I find this paper is not that hard compared to the first one...
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    (Original post by Quantaˌ)
    Thanks for the advice. I find this paper is not that hard compared to the first one...
    No problem! Which topic are you doing for the first one?
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    I know people have been guessing what will come up in Paper 2 for years but has anyone ever predicted what will come in paper 1? or is that impossible?
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    I have a feeling Liberal Reforms is most likely to come up in the exams and I really don't enjoy it!
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    (Original post by theslowbaker)
    Hey guys

    THE KEY SPECIFICATION QUESTIONS
    1. What were the working and living conditions for the poor like in the 1890s?
    2. How were social reformers reacting to the social problems of the 1890s?
    3. Why did the liberal government introduce reforms to help the young,old and unemployed?
    4. How effective were these reforms?
    5. What was the social,political and legal position of women in the 1890s?
    6. What were the arguments for and against female suffreage?
    7. How effective were the activities of the suffragists and the suffragettes?
    8. How did women contribute to the War effort?
    9. How effective was government propaganda during the war?
    10. Why were some women given the vote in 1918?
    11. What was the attitude of the British people at the end of the war towards Germany and the Paris peace conference?


    Time line:
    1890
    • during this century Britain was transformed Due to the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION.=Factories + towns developed at an unprecedented rate, attracting more people who were eager to have a taste of the prosperity and richness Britain was accumulating through her empire.
    • However,with prosperity comes problems...By more people coming to the towns like London and York;lead to appalling housing which had cramped conditions where diseases like cholera could spread.This contributed the national problem with poverty and strengthened the factor of national efficiency which partly lead to the liberal reforms.
    • The government interfered little and relied heavily on charities and the Poor law of 1834(Work house for poor people=key feature of this law) to help the poor.People in the government and many other British People thought poverty was due to idleness and spending money on non essential goods like alcohol.
    • Women= economically dependent on men. Men could imprison his wife in their own home until 1891 and the main attitude was that women seemed to belong to men. Around 10% of women where in paid employment. However,attitudes saw some progress with middle class couples using contraception and the 1882 law allowed women to keep their own property and income once they were married

    There is some background to get you started

    Link to some papers
    http://www.ocr.org.uk/qualifications...117-from-2009/



    I will be updating my thread over the coming days and feel free to add any thing to my time line.
    Thanks this is great.
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    (Original post by chatty)
    Thanks this is great.
    NP, i am looking to add some more weight to my time line tonight;if not Friday, since i got no holiday revision sessions at school on Friday.

    Also, thanks for what you said in the English language thread; it means a lot.
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    (Original post by theslowbaker)
    NP, i am looking to add some more weight to my time line tonight;if not Friday, since i got no holiday revision sessions at school on Friday.

    Also, thanks for what you said in the English language thread; it means a lot.
    Great. No probs.
 
 
 
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