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With reference to features of the working memory model, explain the different experiences of Bryan and Bob.
[4 marks]

Bryan has been driving for a long time, therefore driving is a procedural memory in his long term memory. Therefore he is able to devote his short term memory to holding conversations and listening to music ( phonological loop which is the part of the STM involved with hearing memories ) without challenging his driving.

Bob has been driving for far less time, therefore driving is only in his short term memory. This means his phonological loop is focused on what he hears and remembering it, such as a beeping car or directions from a GPS. His auditory store has very limited capacity and duration, so his phonological loop has to constantly loop it to avoid decay. This means that his instructor’s words are more likely to be forgotten or missed, as the capacity of his phonological loop is taken up by trying to drive.


Pls just give me a score out of 4 it will take u 2 seconds, it's AQA a level psychology paper 1 PMT specimen paper 2
Marks for this question: AO2 = 4
Level Marks Description
2 3–4
Knowledge of relevant features of the working memory model is clear and
accurate. The application of these to the scenario is effective. At the top of the
band there must be reference to both characters in the stem. Specialist
terminology is used effectively.
1 1–2
Knowledge of relevant features of the working memory model lacks
clarity/accuracy/detail. Application may be limited or absent. Specialist
terminology is not always used effectively.
0 No relevant content.
Possible content:
x Reference to attentional capacity/capacity of the central executive because driving is an
‘automated’ task for Bryan, it makes fewer attentional demands on his central executive so
he is free to perform other tasks (such as talking or listening to music); this is not the case
for Bob who requires all of his attentional capacity for driving.
x Credit reference to Bob’s inability to dual-task and to divide resources effectively between
components of working memory.
x Credit the idea that Bryan is able to divide resources between his visuo-spatial
scratch/sketch pad (driving) and articulatory control process/articulatory/phonological
loop/primary acoustic store (talking and listening to music) and thus to dual-task.
Accept other valid applications of the model.


mark scheme so it's super easy for you pls I just need a mark thank u bless you icons
Reply 2
Original post by CatInTheCorner
With reference to features of the working memory model, explain the different experiences of Bryan and Bob.
[4 marks]

Bryan has been driving for a long time, therefore driving is a procedural memory in his long term memory. Therefore he is able to devote his short term memory to holding conversations and listening to music ( phonological loop which is the part of the STM involved with hearing memories ) without challenging his driving.

Bob has been driving for far less time, therefore driving is only in his short term memory. This means his phonological loop is focused on what he hears and remembering it, such as a beeping car or directions from a GPS. His auditory store has very limited capacity and duration, so his phonological loop has to constantly loop it to avoid decay. This means that his instructor’s words are more likely to be forgotten or missed, as the capacity of his phonological loop is taken up by trying to drive.


Pls just give me a score out of 4 it will take u 2 seconds, it's AQA a level psychology paper 1 PMT specimen paper 2


hey !! so its good u mentioned procedural memory but it doesnt rly link up to his WMM i think cus wmm focuses on the different parts of the short term memory, u could just say that like he's able to hold convos and listen to music, as it involves the 2 parts to the phonological loop in the STM (link to wmm) which are the articulatory process (hold convo) and phonological store (listen to music) // v good at hinting at the limited capacity n duration, u could put in 2 seconds too which just shows why is he v focused, v good again at the link to the instructor, i love how you've explained it as its v easy to understand, maybe u could just say at the end that both the instructions from the GPS and instructors words r competing for the same slave system so ofc he forgets one !! i'd give u a 3/4 !!!! good work tho hun, u can lose up to 35 marks per paper for an A <3

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