With reference to features of the working memory model, explain the different experiences of Bryan and Bob.
Bryan has been driving for a long time, therefore driving is a procedural memory in his long term memory. Therefore he is able to devote his short term memory to holding conversations and listening to music ( phonological loop which is the part of the STM involved with hearing memories ) without challenging his driving.
Bob has been driving for far less time, therefore driving is only in his short term memory. This means his phonological loop is focused on what he hears and remembering it, such as a beeping car or directions from a GPS. His auditory store has very limited capacity and duration, so his phonological loop has to constantly loop it to avoid decay. This means that his instructor’s words are more likely to be forgotten or missed, as the capacity of his phonological loop is taken up by trying to drive.
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