(Original post by ezzy1234)
Okay - thanks. Also, please could you tell me how to structure the answers quickly? Obviously I vaguely know how but have had a teacher who has never taught the course before for the year so would love a second opinion!!
For why did the settlement fail I'd write about
1. Charles and in general his personalitly ie he was a person who was very stubborn hence he rejected all the proposals such as the newcastle propositions. Also, the belief in divine right and how he thought he was the divine ruler as he was ordained by god etc.
2. The Scottish Alliance and how they complicated matters as they wanted a Presbyterian Church/settlement. Also how they initially sided with Parliament but then switched to the king (the engagement).
3. Parliament being divided into two- Independents and Presbyterians which meant they did not give a united settlement. Hence Charles tried to pit his enemies against each other to delay the settlement.
4. Finally how the NMA wanted a say in politics and how the soldiers were very radical due to being influenced by the Levelllers and they wanted a political say for sacrificing their lives during the war. Similarly, there were divisions between the soliders and the generals who thought the soldiers were too radical.
Also if the question extends to 53 just write a paragraph on the rump parliament, how they didn't live up to expectations and how they were very conservative. Also about Prides Purges and how it led to the Rump and some policies they made.
For resentment from Charles financial policies during the personal rule:
1. his financial measures were a success ie ship money and how everyone paid the tax up until 1639 when the first bishops war broke out. Highlighting that he was able to successfully rule and there wasn't much opposition. Also there were fears of charles indefinitely ruling without parliament.
2. His other financial policies were successful ie distraint of knighthood, monopolies, forest fines etc. However there was resentment as key figures such as Cromwell refused to pay for the distraint of knighthood. Also there was organised opposition in the form of the Puritan Network.
3.John Hampden ship money trial 1637, highlights resentment. Moral victory for Hampden as the King only won the trial narrowly hence showing some of the judges saw the taxes as unconstitutional.
4. Financial policies led to lots of resentment as Parliament were against these methods as well as MPs such as Cromwell and Hampden. These grievances were shown in the short parliament in 1640. Eventually in 1641 these financial policies were abolished.