• Simple Dumbbell Exercises

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Dumbbells

When it comes to Free Weights, many first think of Dumbbells, due to their simplicity and versatility. Whether they be in the gym or at home, dumbbells can form a vital part of anyones workout and are often used as a good starting point when starting to weight train. Below are a number of different exercises designed to work key various muscle groups.


Contents

Where to train

The majority of gyms will have a weight room which will include a dumbbell rack for you to choose the appropriate weight for your workout. However if getting a gym membership is currently out of your budget, you can order dumbbells online for a home workout.


Chest Exercises

Flat Chest Presses

Flat Chest Presses

  1. Lying flat on bench, hold the dumbbells directly above chest, arms extended.
  2. Lower dumbbells to chest in a controlled manner.
  3. Press dumbbells back to starting position and repeat.
  4. Avoid locking elbows.

Incline Chest Presses

Incline Chest Presses

  1. Adjust bench to an incline of 30 to 45 degrees.
  2. Repeat as above.

Flat Chest Flies

Flat Chest Flies

  1. Lying flat on bench, hold dumbbells directly above chest.
  2. Bend elbows slightly and maintain throughout the exercise.
  3. Open arms to sides. Elbows should remain 'locked' in a slightly flexed position.
  4. When upper arms are parallel to floor, return the weights to the starting position and repeat.

Incline Chest Flies

Incline Chest Flies

  1. Adjust bench to an incline of 30 to 45 degrees.
  2. Repeat as above.

Shoulder Exercises

Seated Shoulder Presses

Seated Shoulder Press

  1. Sit upright on bench with dumbbells over head. Make sure back is flat.
  2. Lower dumbbells slowly to shoulders.
  3. When arms are at 90 degrees, press the dumbbells back up and repeat.

Lateral Raises

Lateral Raises

  1. Stand upright, knees slightly bent, shoulder width apart, holding dumbbells at sides.
  2. Bend elbows slightly and raise the dumbbells out to sides. Keep elbows slightly bent throughout.
  3. When arms are parallel to floor, slowly lower back and repeat.


Reverse Flies

Reverse Flies

  1. Sit on edge of bench, feet flat on the floor. Bend over so chest is almost resting on thighs.
  2. Hold dumbbells next to feet and bend arms slightly. Open arms out keeping elbows bent.
  3. When arms are parallel to floor, slowly lower dumbbells back.


Front Raises

Front Raises

  1. Stand upright, knees slightly bent, shoulder width apart. Palms should be towards thighs.
  2. Raise one dumbbell directly in front of you.
  3. When arm is parallel to ground lower dumbbell slowly back. Repeat with the other arm.

Back Exercises

Single Arm Row

Single Arm Row

  1. Stand upright next to bench. Place one knee and hand on bench. Upper body should be parallel to floor.
  2. Hold one dumbbell with arm extended.
  3. Raise dumbbell up to your midsection keeping back still throughout movement.
  4. Slowly lower dumbbell to start position and repeat. After desired number of reps repeat for other arm.

Lying Bent Over Rows

Lying Bent Over Rows

  1. Lie face down on a flat or slightly inclined bench. Hold two dumbbells and let arms hang down.
  2. Pull dumbbells up towards chest.
  3. Slowly lower dumbbells back down and repeat.

Trapezius Exercises

Upright Rows

Upright Rows

  1. Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart, knees slightly bent.
  2. Keeping dumbbells close to body, raise them to chin.
  3. Hold for a count of 2 and slowly lower to start position and repeat.

Shrugs

Shrugs

  1. Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart, knees slightly bent.
  2. Keeping arms straight 'shrug' shoulders as high as possible and hold for a count of 3.
  3. Relax and repeat.
  4. Do not roll shoulders backwards as you shrug up.

Biceps Exercises

Decline Seated Bicep Curls

Decline Seated Bicep Curls

  1. Adjust bench to a 45 degree incline.
  2. Hold dumbbells at sides. Arms should be fully extended.
  3. Keep elbows close to body and curl weight up by bending elblows.
  4. Slowly lower dumbbells and repeat.

Hammer curls

Hammer Curls

  1. Stand upright with dumbells at sides.
  2. Turn palms inward so they face body.
  3. Curl dumbbells up slowly keeping your elbows close to sides.


Preacher Curls

Preacher Curls

  1. Set bench so back rest is approx 45 degrees.
  2. Stand behind the bench. Holding dumbbell rest back of upper arm on back rest, arm fully extended.
  3. Keep back of upper arm against back rest and curl dumbbell up towards face.
  4. Slowly lower dumbbell until arm is not quite fully extended and repeat for desired number of reps before switching arms.

Concentration Curls

Concentration Curls

  1. Sit on edge of bench with feet flat on the floor.
  2. Holding dumbbell place elbow on inside of thigh, just above knee.
  3. Curl dumbbell up towards your face. Do not swing back as you lift the weight.
  4. Slowly lower the weight and repeat for desired number of reps before switching arms.

Triceps Exercises

Overhead Triceps Extensions

Overhead Tricep Extensions

  1. Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart.
  2. Hold dumbbell directly above head with arm fully extended. Clasp elbow with free hand for support.
  3. Slowly let elbow fold so dumbbell is lowered behind head. 4. Extend arm back to starting position. Repeat for the desired number of reps and switch arms.

French Presses

French Presses

  1. Lie flat on bench. Hold dumbbells directly above chest with palms facing each other. Dumbbells should be just about touching each other.
  2. Keeping your shoulders locked, let your elbows fold so dumbbells are lowered down to either side of head.
  3. Extend both your arms back to start position and repeat.


Triceps Kickbacks

Tricep Kickbacks

  1. Stand upright next to bench. Place one arm and leg on bench. Upper body should be parallel to ground.
  2. Holding dumbbell raise elbow so upper arm is parallel to ground. Elbow should be bent at right angles.
  3. Extend elbow so entire arm is parallel to ground.
  4. Slowly return to start position and repeat for desired number of reps before changing arms.

Leg Exercises

Half Squats

Half Squats

  1. Holding dumbbells at sides, stand upright with your feet shoulder width apart.
  2. Bend from knees until thighs are almost parallel to the ground (avoid letting knees turn inwards).
  3. Keep back flat, lower back slightly arched inwards and head up.
  4. Return to upright position and repeat.

Lunges

Lunges

  1. Holding dumbbells at sides, stand upright with feet slightly less than shoulder width apart.
  2. Step forward about 2 feet with one foot and bend knee to about 90 degrees. As you plant your foot bend trailing knee so it nearly touches floor.
  3. Push off with front foot to return to starting position.
  4. Repeat for the desired number of reps and change legs.

Calf Exercises

Seated Calf Raises

Seated Calf Raises

  1. Sit on the edge of the bench, feet flat on the floor about 12 inches apart.
  2. Rest dumbells on thighs while keeping hold of them.
  3. While staying seated raise heels by just using toes.
  4. Lower your heels to the ground and repeat.

Glossary of Terms

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